Sign In
App icon

DAU App

Available Now!
Get the App
Click Here to Continue Browser Session   ❯

POWERFUL EXAMPLES

Powerful Examples are real-world acquisition stories of best practices and lessons learned that highlight a success or other outcome that may be useful to other organizations.

Have a Story or Suggestion?

Contact the Powerful Examples Team Now!

 

 

November 2020 DAU eNewsletterstring;#/News/November-2020-DAU-eNewsletterNovember 2020 DAU eNewsletter2020-11-03T17:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/PublishingImages/eNews - dau news banner.png, https://www.dau.edu/PublishingImages/eNews - dau news banner.png https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/PublishingImages/eNews - dau news banner.png<div class="ExternalClassEE183C518009466EBCFE099FF37D6261">We hope you enjoy the November 2020 edition of the DAU eNewsletter. This issue features interviews with senior leaders and noteworthy information you may have missed.<br> <br> <title></title> <style> </style> <style> @media screen and (max-width: 600px) { } </style> <table bgcolor="#e0e0e0" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" height="100%" style="border-collapse:collapse;" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <center style="width:100%;"> <table align="center" class="email-container" width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="padding:20px 0;text-align:center;"><img alt="DAU November 2020 eNewsletter" border="0" height="51" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/NOV%202020%20MASTHEAD%203.png" width="201" /></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" bgcolor="#ffffff" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="email-container" width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="full-width-image"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x72eg"><img align="center" alt="DAU President Jim Woolsey interviews USD(A&S) Ellen Lord" border="0" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/EL%20Interview.png" style="width:100%;max-width:600px;height:auto;" width="601" /></a></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:40px;text-align:center;font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;">DAU President Jim Woolsey met virtually with Under Secretary of Defense Ellen Lord to discuss a wide range of topics, including the revolutionary AAF and associated pathways, cutting-edge solutions the Warfighter needs and the future of Defense acquisition. An abridged transcript of their interview is available now. <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="margin:auto;"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="button-td" style="border-radius:3px;background:#222222;text-align:center;"><a class="button-a" href="https://go.usa.gov/x72eg" style="background:#222222;border:15px solid #222222;padding:0 10px;color:#ffffff;font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:1.1;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;display:block;border-radius:3px;font-weight:bold;">Read More </a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="center" style="padding:10px;" valign="top"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="stack-column-center"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="padding:10px;text-align:center;"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x72eZ"><img alt="The Next Little-Known Flexible Acquisition Authority" border="0" class="fluid" height="271" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/Flexible.png" width="271" /></a></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="center-on-narrow" style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;padding:0 10px 10px;text-align:left;">DoD program managers can use the "Procurement fo Experimental Purposes" authority as a flexible vehicle for both science and technology R&D as well as procurement actions supporting various AAF pathways. Read more about this authority in <em>Defense Acquisition</em> magazine.</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> <td class="stack-column-center"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="padding:10px;text-align:center;"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x72en"><img alt="An Air Force Acquisition Leader Looks Back… and Ahead" border="0" class="fluid" height="271" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/McMurry.png" width="271" /></a></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="center-on-narrow" style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;padding:0 10px 10px;text-align:left;">Former Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Commander Lt. Gen. Robert D. McMurry Jr. (Ret.) spoke to DAU President Jim Woolsey in a wide-ranging conversation on policy, advice to acquisition professionals, and the state of Defense acquisition prior to his retirement.</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="center" dir="rtl" style="padding:10px;" valign="top" width="100%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="stack-column-center" width="33.33%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td dir="ltr" style="padding:0 10px;" valign="top"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x72ta"><img alt="Attend a DAU webcast and earn CLPs!" border="0" class="center-on-narrow" height="169" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/Webcasts.png" width="169" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> <td class="stack-column-center" width="66.66%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="center-on-narrow" dir="ltr" style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;padding:10px;text-align:left;" valign="top"><strong style="color:#111111;">Have You Attended a DAU Webcast?</strong><br> <br> DAU hosts many webcasts monthly that cover an array of topics, ranging from AAF to Waivers. Check our Events calendar for the full list of upcoming webcasts. <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="center-on-narrow" style="float:left;"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="button-td" style="border-radius:3px;background:#222222;text-align:center;"><a class="button-a" href="https://go.usa.gov/x72ta" style="background:#222222;border:15px solid #222222;padding:0 10px;color:#ffffff;font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:1.1;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;display:block;border-radius:3px;font-weight:bold;">Read More </a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="center" dir="ltr" style="padding:10px;" valign="top" width="100%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="stack-column-center" width="33.33%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td dir="ltr" style="padding:0 10px;" valign="top"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x72tZ"><img alt="The New DAU Logo" border="0" class="center-on-narrow" height="169" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/Transformation2.png" width="169" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> <td class="stack-column-center" width="66.66%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="center-on-narrow" dir="ltr" style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;padding:10px;text-align:left;" valign="top"><font color="#111111"><strong>Faster, Forward-Leaning and Agile</strong></font><br> <br> DAU is more than a corporate university, it is a platform that connects those who need knowledge with the tools and experts that have it. <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="center-on-narrow" style="float:left;"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="button-td" style="border-radius:3px;background:#222222;text-align:center;"><a class="button-a" href="https://go.usa.gov/x72tZ" style="background:#222222;border:15px solid #222222;padding:0 10px;color:#ffffff;font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:1.1;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;display:block;border-radius:3px;font-weight:bold;">Read More </a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="center" dir="rtl" style="padding:10px;" valign="top" width="100%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="stack-column-center" width="33.33%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td dir="ltr" style="padding:0 10px;" valign="top"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x72ty"><img alt="Take our customer satisfaction survey!" border="0" class="center-on-narrow" height="171" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/UXD%20Survey.png" width="171" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> <td class="stack-column-center" width="66.66%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="center-on-narrow" dir="ltr" style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;padding:10px;text-align:left;" valign="top"><strong style="color:#111111;">Take Our Customer Satisfaction Survey</strong><br> <br> Help us improve many of our products and services, such as the website, online tools, our app and Alexa skills, by taking a quick survey. <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="center-on-narrow" style="float:left;"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="button-td" style="border-radius:3px;background:#222222;text-align:center;"><a class="button-a" href="https://go.usa.gov/x72ty" style="background:#222222;border:15px solid #222222;padding:0 10px;color:#ffffff;font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:1.1;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;display:block;border-radius:3px;font-weight:bold;">Read More </a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="center" dir="ltr" style="padding:10px;" valign="top" width="100%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="stack-column-center" width="33.33%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td dir="ltr" style="padding:0 10px;" valign="top"><a href="https://go.usa.gov/x7TqV"><img alt="Maintenance and Availability Data Warehouse" border="0" class="center-on-narrow" height="170" src="/about/Documents/eNewsletter/2020/Nov/MADW.png" width="169" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> <td class="stack-column-center" width="66.66%"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="center-on-narrow" dir="ltr" style="font-family:sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:20px;color:#555555;padding:10px;text-align:left;" valign="top"><font color="#111111"><strong>MADW Offers a Trove of Data for PMs</strong></font><br> <br> The Maintenance and Availability Data Warehouse (MADW) contains more than 1.6 billion records and provides availability, cost, inventory and transactional data on every weapon system and readiness reportable piece of equipment across DoD. <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="center-on-narrow" style="float:left;"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="button-td" style="border-radius:3px;background:#222222;text-align:center;"><a class="button-a" href="https://go.usa.gov/x7TqV" style="background:#222222;border:15px solid #222222;padding:0 10px;color:#ffffff;font-family:sans-serif;font-size:13px;line-height:1.1;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;display:block;border-radius:3px;font-weight:bold;">Read More </a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:center;"><a href="#" target="_blank"><img alt="" border="0" height="13" src="https://go.usa.gov/x72ec" width="600" /></a></div> <table align="center" class="email-container" width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="padding:40px 10px;width:100%;font-size:12px;font-family:sans-serif;line-height:18px;text-align:center;color:#888882;">Defense Acquisition University<br> <span class="mobile-link--footer">9820 Belvoir Road<br> Fort Belvoir, VA, 22060</span> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;"><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/school/daunow/" target="_blank"><img alt="" border="0" height="43" src="/about/Documents/December%202019%20eNewsletter/LI_Logo.png" width="43" /></a></td> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;" width="7"> </td> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/DAUNow" target="_blank"><img alt="" border="0" height="43" src="/about/Documents/December%202019%20eNewsletter/FB_Logo.png" width="43" /></a></td> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;" width="7"> </td> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;"><a href="https://www.twitter.com/DAUNow" target="_blank"><img alt="" border="0" height="43" src="/about/Documents/December%202019%20eNewsletter/TW_Logo.png" width="43" /></a></td> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;" width="7"> </td> <td class="img" style="font-size:0pt;line-height:0pt;text-align:left;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/dau_now/" target="_blank"><img alt="" border="0" height="43" src="/about/Documents/December%202019%20eNewsletter/IG_Logo.png" width="43" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div>string;#/News/November-2020-DAU-eNewsletter
DAU: A Platform for Knowledgestring;#/News/DAU--A-Platform-for-KnowledgeDAU: A Platform for Knowledge2020-10-19T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/PublishingImages/20201019 Transformation Article - Story Banner.png, https://www.dau.edu/PublishingImages/20201019 Transformation Article - Story Banner.png https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/PublishingImages/20201019 Transformation Article - Story Banner.png<div class="ExternalClass2E639B1F81394FCC86E26E4C515959DF"><p>Defense acquisition requires speed and agility. The Defense Acquisition Workforce must think critically, make smart decisions and move quickly. To better meet the workforce’s changing needs, DAU is transforming into a modern learning platform delivering continuous learning and support tailored to the needs of the acquisition workforce.</p> <p>This transformation echoes other efforts happening in the Defense acquisition community. The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment (OUSD(A&S)) officially released the Adaptive Acquisition Framework (AAF) in January 2020. The AAF is a set of flexible acquisition pathways designed to empower program managers and acquisition professionals to tailor strategies, speed up acquisition, and address the immediate needs of the Warfighter. Upon its release, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment Ellen Lord described it as “the most transformational change to acquisition policy in decades.”</p> <p>In order to take full advantage of this framework, acquisition professionals need instant access to training, tools and support and to also embrace a mindset that continuous learning is critical to success. DAU’s transformation is designed to better align to the ever-changing needs of the Defense Acquisition Workforce.</p> <p>"[DAU's] transformation isn't happening in a vacuum," DAU President Jim Woolsey said. "If you look at the AAF, it creates an environment that encourages agility and speed for the workforce. In order to remain relevant, we too have to change and transform into an organization that can keep pace and support their demands."</p> <p>Woolsey recognized that DAU needed a logo that reflects this change and authorized a graphic that could better represent this new direction and alignment.</p> <p>“DAU has built a culture of support and innovation, and that is a powerful thing,” Woolsey said. “It is exciting to be part of this transformation and it is important to where we are going. To remind everyone of our new direction, we have further represented this change in the form of a new logo.”</p> <p>DAU also dropped “Defense Acquisition University” and will simply use the name “DAU” going forward. This name better reflects the broader nature of what DAU offers the acquisition community beyond classroom training.</p> <p>"Defense Acquisition University was a school for training," Woolsey said. "DAU is a platform for knowledge. The logo is more than a redesign … it represents DAU both in terms of our transformation right now and the platform we are developing that is our future.”<br> <br> <img alt="" src="/about/Documents/Tranformation%20Graphic%20Pulled%20Quote.png" style="height:300px;width:300px;margin:10px;float:left;" />While a number of things helped shape this vision of becoming a modern learning platform, much of it was driven by customer feedback. DAU worked closely with leaders in the acquisition community to better understand their needs and that of their workforces. What they learned helped shape the goals of DAU’s transformation. Ultimately, DAU aims to be a trusted partner for the acquisition workforce to improve acquisition outcomes. To design this modern learning platform, DAU is focusing on three areas: effortless learning that provides easy access to training and resources at the moment of need; world-class content that is high-quality, current and relevant; and a dynamic network that connects people who need information to people who have information. This also better reflects how people work and learn today.</p> <p>Digital learning is ubiquitous to modern learners. As a learning platform, “DAU must provide top-notch information and support in the fastest and most engaging way we can,” Woolsey said. “The modern learner should not have to wait on training; learning assets need to be available with little-to-no wait time and the information has to be current and relevant and presented in an engaging way.”</p> <p>The intended outcomes of DAU's transformation also align to the OUSD(A&S) “Back to Basics" initiative. This move will bring flexibility and customization to acquisition training.</p> <p>“As [former] Secretary [of Defense] Mattis used to say, we must ‘move at the speed of relevancy’,” Lord said. “The team has made an astronomical change in terms of how we are acquiring goods and services, a ‘back to basics’ initiative [that brings] point of need training and job-relevant credentials to focus.”</p> <p>The Back to Basics initiative is the first major reform of the Defense Acquisition Workforce management framework since the early 1990s. It completely reinvents the structure of career fields into six functional areas: Program Management; Contracting; Life Cycle Logistics; Engineering and Technical Management; Test and Evaluation; and Business – Financial/Cost Estimating. It will also impact the required certification training for each of the functional areas.</p> <p>Back to Basics relies on a system of Functional Area Taskforces, which include DAU subject matter experts, to develop a reduced set of core competencies for the functional areas that will compose the required training. Individual acquisition professionals will then augment their foundational knowledge with highly specialized learning, such as DAU credentials, that they need for their unique roles. According to Lord, ideally, workforce development must emphasize skillset and job specific qualifications, much like “having all of your inch stones to get to your milestones.”</p> <p>As workforce members change careers and earn promotions, they have the opportunity to continue their development and refresh their skills by self-selecting the training they need for particular roles. This lifelong learning model stands in stark contrast to the current talent development model that focuses on long-format, course-based learning concentrated at the beginning of one’s career.</p> <p>Fortunately, DAU’s transformation makes lifelong learning more feasible for workforce members.</p> <p>"We want to be the acquisition workforce's provider of choice," Woolsey said. "In this new world of faster and more relevant training … we want our learning platform to be the place the workforce turns to for the information and resources they need to not only get the job done, but to excel and really make a difference for our Warfighters.”</p></div>string;#/News/DAU--A-Platform-for-Knowledge

 

 

The Next Little-Known Flexible Acquisition Authorityhttps://www.dau.edu/library/defense-atl/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=209The Next Little-Known Flexible Acquisition Authority2020-11-19T17:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/defense-atl/PublishingImages/DefAcqNov-Dec20_banner2.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/defense-atl/PublishingImages/DefAcqNov-Dec20_banner2.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/defense-atl/PublishingImages/DefAcqNov-Dec20_banner2.jpg<div class="ExternalClass3D7A6435A6794A99B76EE486C17915BC">Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 provides promise after a colossally challenging year marked by a global pandemic. Private and public sector entities will attempt to regain a sense of normalcy. However, one issue remains constant—the United States undoubtedly will see additional and increasingly complex threats from adversaries as technologies advance rapidly. National defense priorities identified in the 2018 National Defense Strategy (NDS) remain at the forefront of the Department of Defense (DoD) mission as the character of war continuously changes. To endure success and enhance its competitive advantages, the DoD must modernize its capabilities by creating and promoting the right environment, mindset, and tools to embrace innovation and reasonable risk-taking.<br> <br> DoD entities are using innovative and flexible contractual instruments more and more often to pursue the acquisition pathways outlined per the Adaptive Acquisition Framework (AAF). While a handful of options exist and are more commonly used, one authority continues to be greatly underutilized—10 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 2373, “Procurement for Experimental Purposes.” This authority, while not new to the DoD, can be incredibly beneficial for DoD entities not only in their research and development (R&D) or science and technology efforts but also their procurement actions necessary to support various AAF pathways. Unfortunately, many within DoD’s acquisition workforce are unaware of the authority or do not have leadership support to utilize the authority. This article outlines the flexible instrument and provide valuable information to assist with modernized acquisition. <h2><img alt="Table 1 Information on PEP's Under 10 U.S.C 2373. Must be used for experimental or test purposes/efforts (supported by documentation). Must meet one or more of the nine focus areas. Are available for supplies, including parts and accessories, and designs thereof—services are not included, and their inclusion in the acquisition may only be tangential to the supply acquisition. Can be used to develop new capabilities, test new capabilities created by any source prior to fielding, and enhance and/or assess existing capabilities (examples include technical evaluation, experimentation, operational utility assessment, or to maintain a residual operational capability). Can be made with vendors inside or outside the United States. Not the same as agreements under OT authorities (10 U.S.C. 2371 or 10 U.S.C. 2371b) but is a companion authority to the OT authorities. Can support several AAF acquisition pathways. Can be awarded using competitive or noncompetitive procedures. Can be awarded by a warranted Contracting Officer or Agreements Officer, depending on the specifics of the legally binding agreement. No specified limit on unit quantities per purchase or agreement, so long as total quantities being acquired are needed for experimental or test efforts. No statutory or regulatory approval levels exist (entities should adhere to their entity’s internal processes or consult their legal counsel and HCA/SPE). Can be funded by various appropriation types depending on effort purpose (as determined by fiscal law)." src="/library/defense-atl/DATLFiles/Nov-Dec_2020/DefAcq_Nov-Dec20_article2_table1.jpg" style="width:303px;height:600px;margin-left:5px;margin-right:5px;float:left;" /><br> The AAF Defined</h2> The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (OUSD) Acquisition and Sustainment (A&S) published AAF guidance and associated acquisition policies in January 2020. The OUSD (A&S) AAF initiatives were created in response to the 2018 NDS that included an objective to reform the DoD’s business practices for greater performance. These policy changes were intended to make acquisition processes more timely, more agile, and free of unnecessary or excessive bureaucracy to deliver capabilities and technology advancements as quickly as possible to the Warfighter. The AAF outlines six acquisition pathways for DoD entities to select based on program size, risk, urgency, complexity, and other characteristics. It also permits entities to utilize a combination of pathways if a single pathway does not provide the most value based on the identified requirements. Visit the Defense Acquisition University (DAU) website (https://aaf.dau.edu/) for additional AAF information.<br> <br> DoD entities can select from a buffet of Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and non-FAR contractual instruments when implementing the selected acquisition pathway(s). Examples include, but are not limited to, contracting by negotiation (FAR Part 15), simplified acquisitions (FAR Part 13.5), federal supply schedules (FAR Part 8.4), other transactions (OTs) (10 U.S.C. 2371 and 2371b), and procurement for experimental purposes (herein referred to as “PEPs”) (10 U.S.C. 2373). Since there is no one-size-fits-all contractual option for each acquisition pathway, DoD entities must base instrument selection on their acquisition strategy and consideration of defined requirement(s), risks, and desired outcomes. <h2>Procurements for Experimental Purposes (PEPs) and Authorized Entities</h2> Under 10 U.S.C. 2373 the DoD is authorized to use PEPs for acquisitions of items in certain categories:<br> The Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military departments may each buy ordnance, signal, chemical activity, transportation, energy, medical, space-flight, telecommunications, and aeronautical supplies, including parts, accessories, and designs thereof, that the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary concerned considers necessary for experimental or test purposes in the development of the best supplies that are needed for the national defense.<br> <br> PEPs are not new to the DoD, as the statute was enacted in FY 1994 at the same time as the Prototype OT authority (10 U.S.C. 2371b). Similar in purpose to OT agreements, but distinctly different in application, PEPs are another unique and flexible acquisition instrument for DoD entities to use (if they have been delegated the authority) that are not required to adhere to the major laws and regulations that govern traditional procurement contracting. See additional information on PEPs in Table 1.<br> <br> PEPs are flexible for various important reasons: <ul> <li>There are no federal laws or DoD regulations or policies that specifically define what is included in each of the nine focus areas. The terms describing the focus areas are extremely broad and open to reasonable interpretation. Thus, DoD entities can be creatively compliant with program requirements relative to the authority.</li> <li>Since the statute includes the terms “supplies,” “parts,” “accessories,” and “designs,” DoD entities can procure a wide range of items that may include platforms, systems, components, materials, drawings, and more. Unfortunately, one common type of acquisition is not included in the statute—services. The main focus of the acquisition must be on the supply item and any associated services that are acquired with it must be tangential to it. As currently written, the statute does not allow for an acquisition that is solely or primarily for services, even if the services fall within one of the topic areas.</li> <li>Neither the statute nor DoD policy limits purchases to a maximum dollar amount or quantity per PEP agreement. Quantities, regardless of number, may be based on the entity’s available budget and verification as long that the number is limited to what is necessary for experimentation or test purposes. As a result, DoD entities have individual discretion to establish and adhere to their own processes and procedures relative to agreement amounts (prices), quantities, or required approval authorities. Entities should be cautious, however, to not misuse this authority to purchase more items than are reasonably necessary for the test or assessment. The needs of each situation will differ but must be documented to ensure that the rationale meets the authority’s intent.</li> </ul> PEPs clearly are another innovative tool that could have significant importance to national defense and they have been supported by Congress for many years. Within the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2018, Congress required the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) to establish a preference for using PEPs and OTs when executing science and technology and prototyping programs. Additionally, Congress has expanded the list of topic areas regularly since the statute was enacted, signaling a continued interest in this authority and desire for its use. It is very important, however, that those who wish to use the PEP authority understand that this is a separate and distinct authority from the two OT authorities, as explained in Senate Report 114-49, Section 826. The agreements awarded under 10 U.S.C. 2373 will not be called OTs, but each will be a unique agreement with custom content and format. Entities are free to choose a name for these agreements as well as freely negotiate the terms and conditions as long as the authority cited in the agreement is 10 U.S.C. 2373.<br> <br> <img alt="Table 2. PEP's Versus OTs. PEPs Authority per 10 U.S.C. §2373 Can be awarded using competitive or noncompetitive procedures Can be used to purchase existing products for operational utility assessments DoD guide or policy memorandums do not exist Training not available to DoD’s workforce No DoD certification/credential program exists. PEPs and OTs. Authorities originates from laws (statutes) Support the NDS and AAF pathways Require leadership support (top level “buy-in”) Require team members with business acumen and experience across multiple functional areas Not appropriate for all DoD entities or efforts Major acquisition laws and regulations do not apply Involves negotiable terms and conditions Documentation required to justify authority use Can be used to develop new capabilities or enhance existing capabilities Can be awarded by a Contracting Officer/Agreements Officer Agreements can be written with commercial terms Can be funded by various appropriation types Future acquisition of larger quantities would be done wtih FAR-based contracts GAO has limited jurisdiction to review decisions/protests. OTs. Authorities per 10 U.S.C. §2371 and 10 U.S.C. 2371b Requires competitive procedures to the maximum extent practicable Can transition to a Production OT (if criteria met) DoD guide and policy memorandums exist Training available to DoD’s workforce No DoD certification/credential program exists." src="/library/defense-atl/DATLFiles/Nov-Dec_2020/DefAcq_Nov-Dec20_article2_table2.jpg" style="margin-left:3px;margin-right:3px;float:left;width:664px;height:500px;" />Unfortunately, not all DoD entities have been delegated the PEP authority. While the military Service Secretaries have the authority by statute and can delegate it within their organizations, the SECDEF maintains the responsibility for delegating PEP authority to the defense agencies. As of September 2020, only a handful of DoD entities have been delegated PEP authority by their leadership, including the Navy, Army (select commands), Air Force (select commands), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Before any DoD entity plans to use this authority, workforce members must make sure that they have been properly delegated the authority. Personnel can review their organization’s “charter” within the DoD’s Directives library or consult with legal counsel to validate the PEP authority delegation. For instance, DoD Directive 5134.10, “Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA),” delegates 10 U.S.C. 2373 authority to DARPA and requires DARPA’s Director to establish PEP-related authorities and responsibilities. Alternatively, DoD Directive 5105.85, “Defense Innovation Unit (DIU),” and DoD Directive 5136.13, “Defense Health Agency (DHA),” do not delegate 10 U.S.C. 2373 authority to either DIU or DHA. <h2>Comparing and Contrasting<br> PEPs and OTs</h2> PEPs and OTs are both flexible and innovative contractual instruments. While they have similar characteristics, they cannot be confused with one another. Table 2 illustrates the similarities and differences between the instruments (NOTE: The information in Table 2 is current as of September 2020).<br> <br> DoD entities have utilized OTs with ever-increasing frequency and in greater numbers while PEPs rarely have been used since the authorities were enacted. The reasons are simple: (1) more DoD entities have authority to use OTs than those with authority to use PEPs; (2) the OUSD has published OT guidance and policies, but none for PEPs; and (3) the DoD has various training events specific to OTs, but none for PEPs. However, PEP popularity and usage will increase significantly if Congress continues expanding the PEP focus areas, the SECDEF delegates PEP authority to more DoD entities (such as DIU, DHA, and others), and the OUSD creates PEP guidance and related training.<br> <br> Table 3 outlines broad, hypothetical examples that can assist entities that highlight when PEPs would be an appropriate contractual instrument given a requirement (assuming PEP authority exists). <h2><img alt="Table 3. Examples for using PEPs. PEP Example 1. A DoD entity received authority and funding for a new program in response to a Government Accountability Office audit that identified the DoD did not have safe or effective medical products for U.S. Warfighters. Specifically, the audit found that DoD did not have adequate medical products or supplies to treat Warfighters’ injuries in battlefield settings. The new program was approved to follow the “Urgent Capability Acquisition” pathway from the AAF, with program requirements to expedite the development and distribution of safe and effective medical products for Warfighters. Significant experimentation, testing, and operational assessments will be required for some of the highest priority items, such as blood products, therapeutics, and vaccines. It would be appropriate for the DoD entity to consider using PEPs since the effort relates to one of the nine focus areas (medical), will involve experimentation and testing, and directly supports national defense. If the entity proceeds with a PEP, the entity should consider what appropriate future activities should be used to realize the program goals. Did the entity find an existing technology or product that would satisfy the entity’s needs? If so, a subsequent purchase of larger quantities would be planned and implemented. Did the entity determine that additional R&D efforts are needed to modify or amend an identified technical solution and improve its satisfaction of the entity’s needs? The entity could then consider proceeding with an R&D procurement contract or a Prototype OT agreement, depending on the situation. Did the entity determine none of the existing solutions were feasible, and therefore needs to start from scratch to create a new solution? Perhaps a grant or cooperative agreement would make sense. Remember, PEPs are not appropriate for purchasing quantities beyond those needed for experimentation or testing purposes. Also, there is no allowance for a non-competitive follow-on acquisition option with PEPs as there is with Prototype OTs under 10 U.S.C. 2371b. If an organization wishes to pursue a future acquisition, it will need to consider all of the available options, and the rules associated with each, to accomplish the subsequent requirement. PEP Example 2. A DoD entity needs to procure tablet computers and related communications equipment to better assist Warfighters in combat areas. Current computers and communications equipment in inventory are heavy, have short battery lives and slow processing times, rarely connect to cellular networks, and cannot be used for video-conferencing or to view presentations. Commercial technologies have advanced so rapidly that the DoD is considering leveraging the advancements for military use. The program anticipates that testing activities will be required before any new computers or communications equipment can be purchased for operational purposes or go into inventory. It would be appropriate for the DoD entity to consider using PEPs since the effort relates to more than one of the nine focus areas (signal and telecommunications), will involve testing and capabilities assessments, and directly supports national defense. PEPs can provide immediate benefits since time is of the essence, the effort will most likely involve the commercial sector, and the standard procurement rules and regulations, including the Competition in Contracting Act,) do not apply, allowing for opportunities to purchase test items from multiple sources quickly and on commercial terms. PEP Example 3. A DoD entity has a requirement to upgrade its existing aircraft (in the field for 10 years) that will provide significant improvements relative to the original aircraft form, fit, and function. Upgrades include modernized machine guns, modernized avionics displays, a lighter ballistic protection system for the cargo loading system, and a new communications system. Although all 300 aircraft in the fleet ultimately will be upgraded, the entity only plans to test 10 of them. It would be appropriate for the DoD entity to consider using PEPs since the effort relates to at least two of the nine focus areas (ordnance and transportation), will involve testing, and directly supports national defense. The entity, however, should carefully evaluate its acquisition and contracting strategy since it is only planning to test 10 of the 300 aircraft. PEPs are not appropriate for quantities associated with full-rate production or other quantities intended to be placed into inventory with experimentation or testing. Rather, PEPs should only include quantities for technical evaluation, experimentation, operational utility assessment, or to maintain a residual operational capability. Entities should strategically plan the use of PEPs and how PEP results could help inform plans for future Prototype OTs, FAR-based contracts, or other contractual instruments as appropriate." src="/library/defense-atl/DATLFiles/Nov-Dec_2020/DefAcq_Nov-Dec20_article2_table3.jpg" style="width:760px;height:1000px;" /><br> PEP Tips</h2> The following tips are intended to assist with PEP usage, including planning, execution, and administration functions.<br> Use the Authority. <h3>If You Don’t Have It, Request It.</h3> DoD entities that have PEP authority should seek to maximize their use of the authority to provide their workforce with yet another innovative acquisition tool that will help the DoD maintain its competitive edge. DoD leaders must proactively support authority usage and empower their workforce, especially since the DoD’s requested FY 2021 budget included the largest amount in its history to support urgent technology development. PEPs are ideal for entities with requirements in areas such as cyber, space, artificial intelligence, missile defense, ground vehicles, spares and obsolescence alternatives, medical supplies and devices, radios, and phones. Such areas are all but certain to touch one or more of the nine current focus areas outlined in the statute, but represent just a small sample of potential uses of the authority. It also is a useful option for entities that don’t have situations that would be appropriate for OTs and other innovative contractual options and/or that may not have RDT&E funding. This authority allows for entities performing operational or sustainment type functions to seek alternative products or solutions that may already largely exist in the commercial market for their ongoing needs. On the other hand, leaders of DoD entities that lack PEP authority should collaborate with their respective contracting heads and legal counsels or contact the OUSD through their respective chains of command to request authority. <h3>Include Personnel from Different Functional Areas.</h3> PEP subject-matter experts simply are not sitting idle or readily available on rosters within DoD entities. Also, since only a few DoD entities have PEP authority, PEPs most likely will be a new learning experience for many DoD personnel. To endure success with PEPs, DoD entities must assign dedicated personnel with diverse functional area experience to support the team from effort initiation and throughout the life cycle. Involvement should expand to, but not be limited to, personnel in program management, contracting, engineering, logistics, legal, financial management, cost estimating, and small business. Similar to OTs or any other innovative acquisition approach, PEPs require personnel with sufficient business acumen, sound professional judgment, and expertise with planning, executing, and administering complex acquisition instruments. <h3>Create PEP Guidance and Training.</h3> Successful PEPs require collaboration, confidence, and business competence. Each DoD entity with PEP authority should develop guidance to assist its workforce with PEP-related actions. The guidance should identify key responsibilities and provide best practices for personnel to follow, including warranting contracting officials and PEP planning, execution, administration, and reporting functions. An entity’s PEP approach will provide value to personnel and programs so long as the guidance is consistent with the flexibility provided by the statue and does not hinder innovation or creativity.<br> <br> To communicate and explain the guidance, entities should develop training to educate their personnel who are expected to perform or support PEP-related actions. Among other things, the training could encompass the statute, PEP significance to national defense priorities, the entity’s internal best practices and lessons learned, historical examples of PEP usage and applicability, relationship to other contractual instruments (FAR and non-FAR based), intellectual property and data rights, government property implications, and reporting requirements. This specific PEP training event will benefit personnel and programs because the DoD (including DAU) currently has no PEP training courses available to DoD’s workforce. <h3>Create and Maintain Appropriate Supporting Documentation.</h3> While PEPs are a flexible instrument to assist with certain needs, personnel must still create and maintain appropriate documents to justify and support PEP-related business activities. All DoD entities are responsible for ensuring the effective stewardship of taxpayer resources received and gaining maximum value for every dollar spent on national defense. PEPs are no exception. There are various forms of PEP supporting documentation that personnel should consider, depending upon the individual circumstances, including: need determination or requirements identification, market research or intelligence performed, designated approval authority, contracting or agreements officer, documentation explaining rationale, acquisition strategy, publicizing/soliciting/evaluating actions, schedules, transition plans, cost estimates, funds availability statements, agreement awards/modifications, and legal opinions rendered. Appropriate documentation will provide assurance that an entity’s PEP usage is efficient, effective, compliant, and adequate to prevent improper use of the authority. <h3>Conclusion</h3> As Nelson Mandela said, “It always seems impossible, until it is done.” So long as technologies continuously advance and adversaries challenge the United States with new threats, the DoD will unquestionably seek to capitalize on innovation opportunities and advancements to respond to those threats. Experimentation and test activities, as a part of any acquisition effort, remain critical elements of DoD’s priorities, given the current environment. Also, DoD’s future priorities will certainly necessitate experimentation and testing to determine suitability and applicability to the situation at hand. Thus, DoD entities, where appropriate, should maximize PEP usage as another acquisition tool that may provide an appropriate path to providing the War­fighters with the technologies they need. Use the authority, cherish the authority, but certainly do not abuse the authority. <hr />Speciale is a Senior Acquisition Specialist supporting the Department of Defense. He is a Certified Defense Financial Manager–Acquisition (CDFM–A) and Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE). Sidebottom is a Senior Policy Advisor with the Contracts Management Office at Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Prior to her tenure at DARPA, Sidebottom was the Learning Director for Other Transactions at the Defense Acquisition University and has taught extensively about government contracting as an independent consultant. This article represents the opinions of the authors alone.<br> <br> The authors can be reached at <a class="ak-cke-href" href="mailto:stephen.speciale@gmail.com">stephen.speciale@gmail.com</a> and <a class="ak-cke-href" href="mailto:diane.sidebottom@darpa.mil">diane.sidebottom@darpa.mil</a>.</div>string;#/library/defense-atl/blog/The-Next-Little-Known-Flexible-Acquisition--Authority
Leadership Perspectiveshttps://www.dau.edu/library/defense-atl/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=214Leadership Perspectives2020-11-17T17:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/defense-atl/PublishingImages/DefAcqNov-Dec20_banner7.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/defense-atl/PublishingImages/DefAcqNov-Dec20_banner7.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/defense-atl/PublishingImages/DefAcqNov-Dec20_banner7.jpg<div class="ExternalClass6552505DC5DA4D5FA6E737D56FA3720D">There are multiple ways and means to create a talented, ethical, and committed workforce. New and known tactics exist, including metacognition and meta-leadership, to attract and build tomorrow’s leaders, improve recruiting and hiring efforts, share knowledge, and manage performance.<br> <br> One other powerful way to attract and build tomorrow’s leaders, improve recruiting and hiring efforts, share knowledge, and manage performance is through perspectives from pupils, peers, or professionals. These two ways to develop individuals on their professional journeys are even better when combined with technological advances.<br> <br> First, there is metacognition or what I call “Meta-cognition, I think;” introduced as a concept by John Flavell in the 1970s–1980s, more specifically his 1979 work “Metacognition and Cognitive Monitoring: A New Area of Cognitive-developmental Inquiry.” Dictionary.com defines metacognition as “higher-order thinking that enables understanding, analysis, and control of one’s cognitive processes, especially when engaged in learning.” Hence the society-quip and simpler definitions that metacognition is “thinking about thinking” or “knowing about knowing.”<br> <br> In practice, I like to think metacognition is something like the fishbone diagram technique where a person continues to ask questions for the sake of gaining multiple perspectives and richer, deeper thoughts about thinking rather than finding a root cause to a problem. Of course, reaching a root cause of a problem can be helpful, too, depending on the purpose of a person’s thinking about thinking. For a brief example, let us say a person answers a riddle with the first response that comes to mind. Regardless of whether the response is correct, let alone plausible, an answer was provided and can be thought about, reviewed, analyzed, and inspected. This is metacognition at work. Thoughts might include: What caused the person to answer? How fast was the answer provided? How did the person arrive at this answer? What experiences, knowledge, skills, and abilities influenced the response content? Would the person come up with the same answer under different conditions? Were other responses similar or different? The thoughts keep going, too! Now that you are thinking about thinking, let us look to another idea.<br> <br> Related to metacognition is meta-leadership, also acknowledged as a means to overcome silo thinking. I call this “Meta-leadership, I do.” According to Marcus, Dorn, and Henderson, in “Meta-leadership and National Emergency Preparedness: A Model to Build Government Connectivity” meta-leadership is “overarching leadership that intentionally connects the purposes and work of different organizations or organizational units.” If visualized, meta-leaders are those charismatic, wildly effective individuals traversing organizational lines to garner individual and collective success.<br> <br> Chances are you have seen a meta-leader in person, on television, or from a secondary source touting how influential a leader was that the source knew during their career. In my career, meta-leaders have typically exuded humble confidence, positive influence, slow-to-anger style, and nourished network linkages from every experience the leader can call upon at a moment’s notice.<br> <br> The meta-leader has a difficult-to-describe quality that quickly earns respect and trust whether due to known expertise or acquired acumen. Finally, meta-leaders leave an impression, a lasting mark on their pupils, peers, and other professionals. I mentioned that metacognition and meta-leadership are related because of the observation that meta-leaders seem to have a perspective beyond face-value impressions and simple thought. Instead, meta-leaders peel the layers of the onion back to defy operational, strategic, and tactical silos. Meta-leaders can actively think about thinking and build connections, fulfill purposes, and overcome obstacles. To me, metacognition and meta-leadership are all about transitional perspectives.<br> <br> On this previously shared mention of pupils, peers, and professionals, I offer how maintaining perspective during individual development garners benefits along professional journeys. It is worth noting that each perspective can easily overlap another simultaneously. And no, this is not a midlife crisis jab. Instead, it is a theory of how individuals develop from a vision of being a leader to being that leader. As each of us contributes to our constituents, regardless of the career field, we are pupils, peers, and professionals actively engaging and occupying each role. Striking a respectable balance of breadth and depth through our professional development may be as taxing as an attempt to be in two places simultaneously, but possible.<br> <br> The growth process begins with a majority of our time spent in a “pupil” status, like that of an intern, building each other as peers and eventually achieving the esteemed “professional” status. I liken this progression to being among the most junior in an organization and then reaching some levels of management before attaining a lauded leadership role.<br> <br> There is a saying about the importance of knowing where you’re going and where you came from so you know when you’ve reached the destination. This is how career progression is navigated. With that in mind, “pupil” is one perspective and frame of mind most are familiar with from firsthand experience. I firmly believe in achieving professional depth and breadth by several linked career objectives serving as a catalyst from one to the next. As a financial management intern with the U.S. Air Force (USAF), I ventured into a fascinating and beneficial career with the federal government. Because of my positive experiences, I have remained involved with the intern program since my 2012 graduation.<br> <br> In addition to internship, there are educational and training environments. Each day I actively build upon a growing history of professional military education (PME), on-the-job training (OJT), and other development (created or discovered) endeavors. I am a bit of a self-proclaimed nerd, better phrased as “education advocate,” so it was a wonderful irony to intern with the USAF’s Air Education and Training Command, let alone being stationed at an Air Force base nicknamed “the college of colleges.”<br> <br> Interning at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, the home of Air University, permitted me a range of “cherries” to add to the abundance of flavors and varieties of “development ice cream.” Whether in a formal academic setting or as an intern, I wore my “pupil” hat to arrive at a slogan I apply generously: “Any declination of an opportunity to learn is an example of stupidity.” From another point of view, “Why would anyone decline an opportunity to learn?!” While we should never completely abandon any of the phases of our journeys, it is important to remain aware and take advantage of all options to expand knowledge and development before moving forward. At the time of transition, a pupil increasingly will occupy a role of peer and professional.<br> <br> As a “peer,” one starts to peer over the horizon in some ways. During the transition of deemphasizing a “pupil” status and increasing the “peer” and “professional” statuses, individuals seem to progress by building networks across the globe, conducting groundbreaking research, exploring professional publication, and professionally practicing as a contributing, informal educator and mentor within the field.<br> <br> As an example of the “peer” status, consider a handful of brilliant individuals early in their technology-based careers like Michael Dell, Bill Gates, and Steve Jobs. It is likely that a developing person will take on previously unthinkable challenges accompanied by a step outside of their comfort zone like a taste of the private sector, higher education, supervisory positions, or career broadening in a field vastly different from the familiar. The latter two challenges are often encouraged for federal interns because of the seemingly required experience leaders possess and the structure inherent with most career-broadening assignments. Both offer opportunities to develop, expand knowledge, and gain hands-on experience, though much more is obtained in hindsight.<br> <br> At present, I am interested in a range of opportunities best suited for peers and professionals, including Civilian Expeditionary Workforce experiences (i.e., deploying overseas as a civilian) and venturing to positions outside of my general schedule Financial Administration and Program Series. Personal and professional lives meld, giving way to opportunities for future leaders to be informal and formal educators, advanced professionals, and developers with a cohort of global peers. In any endeavor, individuals’ peer and professional choices seem based on the best interests of breadth and depth to become the best leader possible for pupils. So what’s next, now?<br> <br> Thus far we have discovered how to be in two places and fulfill two roles simultaneously as the earlier mentioned examples balanced the progress of “pupil” and “peer.” Let us now journey to the career’s ultimate promised land for many. The emphasis shifts toward the status of “peer-professional.”<br> <br> As stated before, we should never become too haughty and thereby abandon one status or another since life is an experimental journey of absorbing, retaining, practicing, and sharing. Each is an activity engaged in regardless of the status one claims predominantly to occupy.<br> <br> The famous John Kotter observed, especially in his book, Leading Change, that for many leaders, the idea is to “outgrow” the competition through lifelong learning and have the drive to do so. The pinnacle of a career, where we are most prepared and knowledgeable, is the time to fulfill what I view as a joyous obligation to return the priceless gifts we have received. As individuals develop through nurture and nature, it is time to shift a large percentage of our efforts toward developing those we lead. This may be accomplished by mentorship, creating opportunities, formal instruction, or avenues utilized by students like those mentioned earlier.<br> <br> If you are not inspired to give back once you attain the status associated with a “professional,” I offer my own experience. During college, as a pupil and peer, I gained an abundance of knowledge from some of the most admirable individuals I have met in life. My respect for my educational leaders and what each offered every day has proved to be perpetual. Though I now work in a different career field, I am still amazed when I reflect on my first experience with a college-level instructor. This instructor’s lecturing abilities, humble mentality, and inspiring approach effortlessly commanded the room of rambunctious dual-enrolled high-school and college students. What most exuded from this instructor was a passionate interest in the field of study. The instructor did not want students to stop at knowing enough to pass tests; the goal was to build a lasting thirst for knowing and learning about the world in relation to the future population’s power to modify it. I cannot speak for all of my classmates, but I do speak for myself and those I remain in contact with when I say that this instructor excelled, and many of the instructor’s traits are characteristic of the world’s best and brightest leaders: meta-leaders.<br> <br> As many agree, there are multiple ways and means to improve skills and mentor leaders. I have shared just a few ways: metacognition and traversing perspectives— whether one is a pupil, peer, or professional. These two ways to develop in our professional journeys are emerging trends that offer great benefits. Each of us is capable of occupying the statuses separately or in combination through our developmental efforts of absorbing, retaining, practicing, and sharing. Our only limitation to embodying more than one status is the mindset we adopt while balancing the goal of achieving breadth and depth as we dabble among the trio on our journey. Through metacognition and different perspectives, meta-leaders develop. <hr />Miller is a Financial Manager for the Defense Health Agency in Virginia. She previously supported the Air Force, Army, and National Guard Bureau at locations along the East Coast. She is a Certified Government Financial Manager and member of the Association of Government Accountants’ Northern Virginia chapter and of the American Society of Military Comptroller’s Washington Chapter, and a Certified Defense Financial Manager with acquisition specialty. She received her Doctorate of Business Administration from Walden University’s College of Management and Technology. The views expressed are the author’s own.<br> <br> The author can be contacted at <a class="ak-cke-href" href="mailto:jammrellim@yahoo.com">jammrellim@yahoo.com</a>.</div>string;#/library/defense-atl/blog/Leadership-Perspectives

 

 

Strategic Thinking: A Key Skill Managers Should Acquirehttps://www.dau.edu/partnerships/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=30Strategic Thinking: A Key Skill Managers Should Acquire2020-10-13T12:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/partnerships/PublishingImages/DAU_Partnership_Banner_4.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/partnerships/PublishingImages/DAU_Partnership_Banner_4.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/partnerships/PublishingImages/DAU_Partnership_Banner_4.jpg<div class="ExternalClassF5C0787A42B6408D9D003C23152E97CE"><a href="https://brainzooming.com/6-characteristics-of-strategic-thinking-skills/24101/">Strategic thinking</a> takes many forms and highlights one’s intellectual prowess in many ways. Strategic thinkers realize that making a decision is not about themselves. There will be challenges and setbacks in business decisions, and it takes a collective perspective to reach a holistic determination. For example, strategic thinkers rarely make unilateral decisions, but rather utilize expertise from diverse backgrounds and perspectives.<br> <br> Asking employees and other managers for their perspectives means being open to valuable viewpoints from multiple sources. Most managers will agree that the easy path is to make unilateral decisions, given one’s position and seniority. But a better tactic for making long-lasting strategic decisions leverage one’s abilities, skillset, education and interpersonal skills to reach an organizational goal.<br> <br> Strategic thinkers use all the tools in their toolbox to gain buy-in from others in the organization. Gaining buy-in means using both logic and emotion, as well as not being timid about thinking outside the box. They constantly question the implications of both new ideas and older, more familiar ideas. Strategic thinkers, unlike tactical thinkers, are forward-thinking and consider the impact of business decisions not just for the here and now, but also for future generations.<br> <br> Management leaders seek advance degrees in order to gain additional knowledge and skills that can optimize organizational effectiveness and drive positive business results. To support this need, our university offers a quality management degree program entirely online. <br> Whether you're interested in the precision of transportation and logistics logic discipline, sport sciences, human resource management, entrepreneurship, or executive leadership - <a href="https://start.amu.apus.edu/management/overview?utm_source=onlinecareertips.com&utm_medium=link&utm_content=content%20-%20management%20degree&utm_campaign=Management%20-%20Overview%20-%20LT%20-%20APU&_ga=2.60872808.551067629.1601329416-2094124618.1582049997&_gac=1.213115552.1600192126.EAIaIQobChMIv9bWy9vr6wIV8R-tBh29eQN2EAAYASAAEgK_CPD_BwE">American Military University's management online degrees</a> are designed to empower you with traditional and innovative management competencies.<br></div>string;#/partnerships/blog/Strategic-Thinking-A-Key-Skill-Managers-Should-Acquire
Upcoming No Cost Virtual Learning Opportunities from our Higher Education Partners!https://www.dau.edu/partnerships/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=29Upcoming No Cost Virtual Learning Opportunities from our Higher Education Partners!2020-09-02T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/partnerships/PublishingImages/partners banner 2.png, https://www.dau.edu/partnerships/PublishingImages/partners banner 2.png https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/partnerships/PublishingImages/partners banner 2.png<div class="ExternalClassE01C113C88C54B7199CE88069A9F6236"><h5 style="text-align:center;"><strong>DAU's Strategic Partners are offering free e-learning opportunities and resources to the workforce! The list below is updated as information is received, so check back often for updates.</strong></h5> <address style="text-align:center;">If you are a partner school and wish to be included on this list, contact us at <a class="ak-cke-href" href="mailto:protocol@dau.edu?subject=Request%20to%20be%20added%20to%20partner%20e-learning">protocol@dau.edu</a> <hr /> <address><img alt="" src="/partnerships/PublishingImages/Excelsior%20College%20Logo.jpg" style="float:left;width:200px;height:200px;margin:1px;" /> <address><a href="https://www.excelsior.edu/event/veterans-benefit-webinar-2/"><strong>Webinar: Veterans Benefits</strong></a><br> If you’d like to learn how to maximize your veteran educational benefits and learn about opportunities offered through veteran membership organizations, attend our upcoming webinar and discover why Excelsior College is continually recognized for serving Veteran and Military students.<br> During this webinar, you will discover how to use your benefits to achieve your educational and career goals. You’ll also hear Excelsior College’s Center for Military and Veteran Education about career/networking opportunities just for veterans, and how your military experience can be applied as credit so you can complete your degree sooner and take your career to the next level.</address> <address><strong>Date:</strong> October 29, 2020<br> <strong>Time: </strong>12:30-1 p.m. (EDT)<br> Please <a href="https://excelsior.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_ICzQwTxfSMq1kCWKT1AaBA">register today</a> and Zoom information will be provided</address> <address><br> <a href="https://www.excelsior.edu/event/transfer-made-easy-excelsior-college-information-session-4/"><b>Transfer Credit Made Easy: Excelsior College Information Session</b></a><br> Join us while we hear from Jeffrey Baez, chief information security officer for the New York State Board of Elections and director of the secure election center, on how his cybersecurity plan is addressing the cyber risks to ensure we have the most secure election data collection possible.</address> </address> <address> <address><br> <strong>Date:</strong> November 4, 2020<br> <strong>Time: </strong>3-4 p.m. (EDT)</address> <address>To register and more details, visit: <a href="https://excelsior.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_3Iabv-yxQwS794U4A4mXjQ"> https://excelsior.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_3Iabv-yxQwS794U4A4mXjQ</a> <address style="text-align:center;"> <address> </address> </address> <address style="text-align:center;"> <hr /></address> <br> <img alt="" src="/partnerships/PublishingImages/UCLA%20Extension%20Logo%20(2020).jpg" style="float:left;width:300px;margin:2px 4px;height:61px;" /> <p style="text-align:left;">We recognize the challenges our communities are facing today. We want to help light the way forward and give back by offering professional development and personal enrichment seminars this summer at no cost. These programs give you the opportunity to learn from experts in their field and connect with others. For your convenience and safety, all programs are offered remotely. Visit <a href="https://www.uclaextension.edu/no-cost-educational-resources-tools">https://www.uclaextension.edu/no-cost-educational-resources-tools</a> for more information.<br> </p> </address> </address> </address> <address style="text-align:center;"> <hr /></address> <br> <img alt="" src="/partnerships/PublishingImages/Bellevue_University.png" style="float:left;width:238px;height:45px;margin:2px 4px;" /> In the <a href="http://dau.bellevueuniversity.us/res2021-on-demand">Resolution 2021: Take Charge of Change series</a>, world-renowned keynote speaker Ryan Avery will present webinars on strategic communication and leadership. View our additional Career resources available on-demand here: <a href="http://dau.bellevueuniversity.us/career-resources">http://dau.bellevueuniversity.us/career-resources</a> <div style="text-align:center;"> </div> <address style="text-align:center;"> <address> <address> </address> </address> <hr /></address> <address><img alt="" src="/partnerships/PublishingImages/APU_Stacked_NoSlogan.jpg" style="float:left;width:200px;height:83px;margin:1px;" /><strong>(New!) Lunch-And-Learn: Supporting Your Goals through Education at American Public University </strong><br> AMU offers 200+ programs to align with your unique professional development goals whether you work in contracting, information technology, cybersecurity, logistics, or other DoD career fields. Many of our undergraduate and master’s-level degrees and certifications are taught by highly-credentialed experts with government agency leadership experience.<br> Mark your calendar to join university representatives as we discuss online learning, career services, the tuition grant, no-cost ebooks, and answer your questions.</address> <address style="text-align:center;"><br> <strong>Date:</strong> Tuesday, September 29, 2020<br> <strong>Time: </strong>Noon, Eastern<br> Please <a href="https://apus.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJYud--hrzkjHta0uZZC6hZjb50Gj3ssxpKJ">register today</a> and Zoom information will be provided.</address> <address style="text-align:center;"> <hr /></address> <hr /></div>string;#/partnerships/blog/Upcoming-No-Cost-Virtual-Learning-Opportunities-from-our-Higher-Education-Partners!

 

 

OTA and MTA: A Study in Contrastsstring;#/training/career-development/logistics/blog/OTA-and-MTA-A-Study-in-ContrastsOTA and MTA: A Study in Contrasts2020-10-29T16:00:00ZBill Kobrenstring;#/training/career-development/logistics/blog/OTA-and-MTA-A-Study-in-Contrasts
Space Force Assessment As Its First Birthday Nearsstring;#/training/career-development/program-management/blog/Space-Force-Assessment-As-Its-First-Birthday-NearsSpace Force Assessment As Its First Birthday Nears2020-10-29T16:00:00ZSteve Skottestring;#/training/career-development/program-management/blog/Space-Force-Assessment-As-Its-First-Birthday-Nears
Senate and House Launch Space Force Caucusesstring;#/training/career-development/program-management/blog/Senate-and-House-Launch-Space-Force-CaucusesSenate and House Launch Space Force Caucuses2020-10-29T16:00:00ZSteve Skottestring;#/training/career-development/program-management/blog/Senate-and-House-Launch-Space-Force-Caucuses
Important DoD Product Support Policy Requirementsstring;#/training/career-development/logistics/blog/Important-DoD-Product-Support-Policy-RequirementsImportant DoD Product Support Policy Requirements2020-10-29T12:00:00ZBill Kobrenstring;#/training/career-development/logistics/blog/Important-DoD-Product-Support-Policy-Requirements

 

 

Leading Acquisition: Leading in Permanent Whitewaterhttps://www.dau.edu/Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=284Leading Acquisition: Leading in Permanent Whitewater2020-11-04T17:30:00Zstring;#/events/Leading Acquisition Series 4
Adaptive Acquisition Framework: DoDD 5000.01 "The Defense Acquisition System" https://www.dau.edu/Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=292Adaptive Acquisition Framework: DoDD 5000.01 "The Defense Acquisition System" 2020-11-05T17:30:00Zstring;#/events/Adaptive Acquisition Framework DoDD 500001 The Defense Acquisition System
Acquisition Topics: Self-Regulated Learninghttps://www.dau.edu/Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=293Acquisition Topics: Self-Regulated Learning2020-11-10T17:30:00Zstring;#/events/Acquisition Topics Self-Regulated Learning
COR Café - A conversation with Jennifer Johnson from the U.S. Marine Corps Systems Commandhttps://www.dau.edu/Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=294COR Café - A conversation with Jennifer Johnson from the U.S. Marine Corps Systems Command2020-11-12T15:00:00Zstring;#/events/COR-Cafe---A-conversation-with-Jennifer-Johnson-from-the-U-S--Marine-Corps-Systems-Command
OT Today-Intellectual Property and Data Rightshttps://www.dau.edu/Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=295OT Today-Intellectual Property and Data Rights2020-11-12T18:00:00Zstring;#/events/OT-Today-Intellectual-Property-and-Data-Rights
Barriers to Entry Roundtable Discussionhttps://www.dau.edu/Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=296Barriers to Entry Roundtable Discussion2020-11-16T18:00:00Zstring;#/events/Barriers-to-Entry-Roundtable-Discussion