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    WHO'S BEAR THE RESPONSIBILITY TO SUBMIT AND PAY THE COST OF THE BACKGROUND INVESTIGATION?


    Answer

    Personnel Security Investigations for Industry (PSI-I) for national security clearances are centrally funded through the Defense-wide Operations and Maintenance Appropriation.  According to the “Annual Report to Congress on Personnel Security Investigations  for Industry and the National Industrial Security Program” dated January 2011,  DoD has approved the following PSI-I funding for FY12 through FY16:
     FY12: $238.5 million
      FY13: $242.9 million
      FY14: $247.5 million
      FY15: $252.2 million
      FY16: $214.2 million
     
    http://comptroller.defense.gov/defbudget/fy2012/budget_justification/pdfs/01_Operation_and_Maintenance/O_M_VOL_2_PARTS/9_FY11_Annual_Report_to_Congress_on_PSI-I_and_NISP_1-24-2011.pdf
     
    The Defense Industrial Security Clearance Office (DISCO) under the Defense Security Service is responsible for conducting all Personnel Security Clearance requests. DISCO also certifies that National Industrial Security Program (NISP) funds may be used to pay for the investigation. These funds are used by DISCO to pay for the clearances that are ordered from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) based on established billing rates.
    http://www.opm.gov/investigations/background-investigations/federal-investigations-notices/2012/fin12-07.pdf
    Requests for a security clearance investigation (initial and periodic reinvestigation) must be submitted through DISCO. DISCO reviews supporting documentation, verifies the need for a clearance and, if appropriate, determines eligibility for an interim clearance. In effect, DISCO validates the request and orders the investigation from OPM.
     
    http://www.dss.mil/disco/indus_disco_process.html
     

    DoD 5220.22-M the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (NISPOM)
     
    2-200. General.
    a.  An employee may be processed for a personnel clearance (PCL) when the contractor determines that access is essential in the performance of tasks or services related to the fulfillment of a classified contract.
    http://www.dss.mil/isp/fac_clear/download_nispom.html


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