What exactly are the FYDP years? On the DAU Web Site the FYDP years are defines as The FYDP displays by fiscal year total DoD resources and force structure information for the prior year, current year, budget year, and the following four years (i.e., the outyears). It also includes force structure information for an additional three years beyond the four outyears.
In the FMR 7000.14R it states: the Future Years Defense Program is the program and financial plan for the Department of Defense as approved by the Secretary of Defense. The FYDP arrays cost data, manpower and force structure over a 6-year period (force structure for an additional 3 years)
In the 7045.14 it defines the FYDP years as Program and financial plan for the DoD as approved by the Secretary of Defense. The FYDP arrays cost data, manpower, and force structure over a 5 year period (force structure for an additional 3 years)
Which one is correct and why?
LTC John Pires
This is absolutely fascinating to me! You have run into a situation where the various policy and regulatory documents coming out of the Department of Defense (DoD) have not been updated to reflect the most current requirements reported to the OMB and Congress. The simple answer is that the DoD Directive 7045.14 dated 25 January 2013 is correct. The Future Years Defense Program is a 5-year period. Those years are one budget year and four outyears (force structure for an additional 3 years).
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The reason that you have run into this confusion is because until the POM/BES Cycle for the FY11 FYDP the FYDP was a 6-year period. Those years were two budget years (an “on year” and an “off year”) and four outyears (force structure for an additional 3 years). Hence, the FY10 FYDP ran from FY2010-2015, and after the change, the FY11 FYDP ran from FY2011-2015. What that set-up did was allowed Congress (in theory) to only have to debate the DoD budget every two years and thereby save a lot of time in the second year because the only changes were supposed to be very minor. However, theory and reality are seldom the same.
The reality was that as the budgets became increasingly constrained, Congress felt that they needed more flexibility to manage the DoD budget than the 6-year FYDP allowed. Therefore, since the FY11 POM/BES submission, the FYDP is a 5-year period. This allows Congress to debate the DoD budget each and every year!
Note that DoD used the 5-year FYDP for quite a while prior to it being changed to the 6-year period (and now back to 5-years). In fact, you will occasionally run into personnel who still call the FYDP the “Five Year Defense Program” as it was originally termed.
Summary: The DoD Directive 7045.14 dated 25 January 2013 is correct. The Future Years Defense Program is a 5-year period. Those years are one budget year and four outyears (force structure for an additional 3 years).
Suggestions: First, if you get the opportunity it may be beneficial to take the DAU BCF 220 course on line and then attend the BCF 225 course in residence. Second, you should contact your DASC or other Army representatives in the Pentagon to verify that they are using the 5-year period for PPBE purposes. Finally, I will contact DoD and DAU to try to get the website and the FMR updated.