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  • Question

    I remember reading about the roles in government contracting, but do not remember the resource. Do you happen to know it? I'd like to use it as my source document.


    Answer

    You may be referring to the lessons from the CON 090 module, "The Federal Acquisition Environment".  Those lessons discussed: 

    • the different types of contractual transactions that the Government enters into.
    • the major categories of acquisition,
    • the source of the Government’s contracting powers,
    • the roles of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches in acquisition,
    • and the guiding principles of the FAR.

    While that information is too voluminous to include here, you can check the FAR at www.acquisition.gov and also the reference Formation of Government Contracts, Third Edition, (Cibinic and Nash).  Im sure any 1102 contracting person at your command will have the CON 90 materials from their course. 

    Here is some language from CON 090 on the role of the executive branch relating to acquisition: 

    Role of the Executive Branch

    While Congress and the judicial branch have some limited contracting authority, the lion’s share of acquisition is performed by executive agencies.  Executive agencies are responsible for complying with the acquisition laws set forth by Congress when exercising their budget authority, and risk further restrictions on their activities when they do not.  The executive branch exercises control over the acquisition function primarily through the issuance of executive orders, departmental memoranda, and the promulgation of regulations.  Two notable organizations that exercise control over DoD acquisition are the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) and the Director of Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy (DPAP) and Strategic Sourcing.

    Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) 

    OFPP, an office within the White House Office of Management and Budget, plays a central role in shaping the policies and practices federal agencies use to acquire the goods and services they need to carry out their responsibilities. OFPP was established by Congress in 1974 to provide overall direction for government-wide procurement policies, regulations and procedures and to promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness in acquisition processes.  OFPP is headed by an Administrator who is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

    OFPP’s statutory authorities and responsibilities are set forth in the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act, 41 U.S.C. 401, et seq. OFPP’s primary responsibilities include the following:

    •     Overseeing the development of acquisition regulations

    •     Formulating and coordinating acquisition legislation

    •     Leading the activities of the Chief Acquisition Officers Council (CAOC)

    •     Managing the government-wide procurement data system

    •     Directing the activities of the Federal Acquisition Institute (FAI)

    •     Promoting maximum participation of small businesses in government contracting

    •     Chairing and supporting the Cost Accounting Standards Board

    Director of Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy (DPAP) 

    DPAP is responsible for all acquisition and procurement policy matters in the DoD. The DPAP office serves as the principal advisor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (AT&L) and the Defense Acquisition Board on acquisition/procurement strategies for all major weapon systems programs, major automated information systems programs, and services acquisitions. DPAP oversees the Defense Acquisition Regulations (DAR) Council, one of the two FAR Councils responsible for maintaining the FAR.  The DAR Council also has the sole responsibility for maintaining the Department of Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations Supplement (DFARS), and the DFARS Procedures, Guidance, and Information (PGI).

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