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    What's the key functional elements of a LCSM versus a ICP? What are the differences? I'd like a POC to discuss the concept we are considering.


    Answer

    The biggest distinction between Life Cycle Sustainment Management (LCSM) and Inventory Control Point (ICP) is how they support weapon/operating systems.  Life Cycle Sustainment Management can be viewed as a vertical approach.  It covers the integrated product support elements for the entire system.  The Inventory Control Point (ICP), on the other hand, would typically employ a horizontal approach.  In other words, manage by commodity across a number of weapon/operating systems.  The ICP also has a more limited scope in elements under its control.  The comparison of elements is listed below under each topic.
     
    Life Cycle Sustainment Management
     
    The process of tracking and managing life cycle product support as documented in the Life Cycle Sustainment Plan.  This plan is part of the formal acquisition process and must address Total Life Cycle Systems Management (TLCSM).  The focus is on a system or family of systems.
     
    The definition below is from the Defense Acquisition Guidebook
    Chapter 5
     
    5.1.1. Life-Cycle Sustainment
    Life-cycle sustainment involves the early planning, development, implementation, and management of a comprehensive, affordable, effective performance driven logistics support strategy. … The goal is to ensure sustainment considerations are integrated into all planning, implementation, management, and oversight activities associated with the acquisition, development, production, fielding, support, and disposal of a system across its life cycle. This includes:
    ·  Participating in the design process to acquire a highly supportable and sustainable system Providing affordable, reliable, effective support strategies and systems that meet the user's requirements with optimum materiel availability
    ·  Developing the appropriate metrics to validate and verify the system engineering design process, and measure the performance of the support strategy/supply chain
    ·  Providing the user effective systems with the minimal logistics footprint (e.g., the measurable size or "presence" of logistics support, including manpower, required to deploy, sustain, and move a system).
    ·  Developing more integrated and streamlined acquisition and statutorily complaint logistics support processes
    ·  Facilitating iterative technology enhancements during the system life cycle
    The Integrated Product Support Elements included for system management across its life cycle:
    ·  Design Interface - Design interface is the integration of the quantitative design characteristics of systems engineering (reliability, maintainability, etc) with the functional logistics elements (i.e., integrated product support elements). Design interface reflects the driving relationship of system design parameters to product support resource requirements. These design parameters are expressed in operational terms rather than as inherent values and specifically relate to system requirements. Thus, product support requirements are derived to ensure the system meets its availability goals and design costs and support costs of the system are effectively balanced.
    ·  Maintenance Planning and Management - Maintenance Planning and Management establishes maintenance concepts and requirements for the life of the system for both hardware and software. 
    ·  Manpower and Personnel - Involves the identification and acquisition of personnel (military and civilian) with the skills and grades required to operate, maintain, and support systems over their lifetime. Early identification is essential. If the needed manpower is an additive requirement to existing manpower levels of an organization, a formalized process of identification and justification must be made to higher authority.
    ·  Supply Support - Supply support consists of all management actions, procedures, and techniques necessary to determine requirements to acquire, catalog, receive, store, transfer, issue and dispose of spares, repair parts, and supplies. This means having the right spares, repair parts, and all classes of supplies available, in the right quantities, at the right place, at the right time, at the right price. The process includes provisioning for initial support, as well as acquiring, distributing, and replenishing inventories.
    ·  Support Equipment - Support equipment consists of all equipment (mobile or fixed) required to support the operation and maintenance of a system. This includes but is not limited to ground handling and maintenance equipment, trucks, air conditioners, generators, tools, metrology and calibration equipment, and manual and automatic test equipment. During the acquisition of systems, program managers are expected to decrease the proliferation of support equipment into the inventory by minimizing the development of new support equipment and giving more attention to the use of existing government or commercial equipment.
    ·  Training and Training Support - Consists of the policy, processes, procedures, techniques, Training Aids Devices Simulators and Simulations (TADSS), planning and provisioning for the training base including equipment used to train civilian and military personnel to acquire, operate, maintain, and support a system. This includes New Equipment Training (NET), institutional, sustainment training and Displaced Equipment Training (DET) for the individual, crew, unit, collective, and maintenance through initial, formal, informal, on the job training (OJT), and sustainment proficiency training. Significant efforts are focused on NET which in conjunction with the overall training strategy shall be validated during system evaluation and test at the individual, crew, and unit level.
    ·  Technical Data - Technical Data represents recorded information of scientific or technical nature, regardless of form or character (such as equipment technical manuals and engineering drawings), engineering data, specifications, standards and Data Item Descriptions (DID). Technical manuals (TMs) including Interactive Electronic Technical Manuals (IETMs) and engineering drawings are the most expensive and probably the most important data acquisitions made in support of a system. TMs and IETMs provide the instructions for operation and maintenance of a system. IETMs also provide integrated training and diagnostic fault isolation procedures. Address data rights and data delivery as well as use of any proprietary data as part of this element. Also includes as maintained bills of material and system configuration by individual system identification code or "tail number."
    ·  Facilities and Infrastructure - Consists of the permanent and semi-permanent real property assets required to support a system, including studies to define types of facilities or facility improvements, location, space needs, environmental and security requirements, and equipment. It includes facilities for training, equipment storage, maintenance, supply storage, ammunition storage, and so forth.
    ·  Packaging, Handling, Storage and Transportation (PHS&T) - PHS&T is the combination of resources, processes, procedures, design, considerations, and methods to ensure that all system, equipment, and support items are preserved, packaged, handled, and transported properly, including environmental considerations, equipment preservation for the short and long storage, and transportability. Some items require special environmentally controlled, shock isolated containers for transport to and from repair and storage facilities via all modes of transportation (land, rail, air, and sea).
    ·  Computer Resources - Computer Resources encompasses the facilities, hardware, software, documentation, manpower, and personnel needed to operate and support mission critical computer hardware/software systems. As the primary end item, support equipment, and training devices increase in complexity, more and more software is being used. The expense associated with the design and maintenance of software programs is so high that one cannot afford not to manage this process effectively. It is standard practice to establish a computer resource working group to accomplish the necessary planning and management of computer resources support.
    ·  Product Support Management - Plan, manage, and fund weapon system product support across all Integrated Product Support (IPS) Elements.
    ·  Sustaining Engineering - Sustaining Engineering spans those technical tasks (engineering and logistics investigations and analyses) to ensure continued operation and maintenance of a system with managed (i.e., known) risk.
    Inventory Control Point (ICP)
    Inventory Control Points focus on those functions and activities necessary for inventory control and management.  Typically an Inventory Control Point manages commodities (parts, materials, fuel etc.) as opposed to systems.  An ICP is a stakeholder and contributor to Total Life Cycle Systems Management.  However, overall systems sustainment management is the responsibility of the Program Manager of that system.
    The typical Product Support Elements managed by an Inventory Control Point in support of multiple systems are:
    ·  Maintenance Operations and Management – the execution of repair, overhaul and/or rebuild of components or systems.  Overall management of the processes to include the information and material flows required for task completion.
    ·  Material Management – the management functions regarding material planning, acquisition, cataloging, inspection, quality control, inventory control, disposal.  It also includes the information flows in all these functions.
    ·  Supply Chain Management – the management of material, information and financial processes from the supplier to the customer.
    ·  Sustaining Engineering – see above but for commodities/NSNs being managed.  Includes engineering change proposals for product improvement or possible reverse engineering of materials.
    ·  Technical Data – see above, but for commodities/NSNs being managed.
    ·  Packaging, Handling, Storage and Transportation (PHS&T) - see above, but for commodities/NSNs being managed.
    For references regarding the Defense Working Capital Fund please see - http://comptroller.defense.gov/fmr/11b/index.html


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