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  2. National Guard and Reserve Equipment Appropriations (NGREA)

National Guard and Reserve Equipment Appropriations (NGREA)

DAU GLOSSARY DEFINITION

Alternate Definition

In 1981, Congress created a separate equipment appropriation for the Reserve Components (RC) from the President’s Budget submission entitled the Dedicated Procurement Program (DPP) which is now known as NGREA. The Congress intended NGREA to supplement the Services' budget requests to provide for investments in RC equipment which do not meet the prioritization threshold for inclusion in the President Budget submission. The Congress typically appropriates funding in lump-sum amounts to be used for aircraft and miscellaneous equipment.

Alternate Definition Source

DoD Directive (DoDD) 7000.14-R, Financial Management Regulation Volume 1-15

National Guard and Reserve Equipment Report to Congress

General Information

In their oversight role, Congress has continually shown interest in ensuring that programs and equipment critical to the RCs are included in the budget. Congress has noted that many RC requirements go unfunded by the parent Services in the President's Budget request.  Congress has routinely appropriated funds through the NGREA above the budget request.

Congress typically appropriates NGREA funding in lump-sum amounts to be used for aircraft and miscellaneous equipment, and requests submission of a detailed assessment of modernization priorities by each of the RC Chiefs. The Assistant Secretary of Defense (Reserve Affairs) (ASD (RA)) forwards the RC acquisition plans to the congressional committees, along with a consolidated equipment requirements list for all RCs, called the Summary NGREA Acquisition Report.

The NGREA is intended for the Army and Air National Guard (ARNG and ANG) and Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and Navy Reserve to enable the RC chiefs and ARNG and ANG Directors to maintain readiness in key weapon systems. The annual appropriations maintain force relevance through key capability upgrades and help close equipment interoperability gaps.

Yearly Appropriations since 1981 (From the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (USD(P&R), Assistant Secretary of Defense for Readiness (ASD(R)) (Readiness Programming and Resources))

NGREA Funding (Current year dollars in millions)

FY ARNG AR USNR USMCR ANG AFR Total
2021 285 155 17.5 52.5 285 155 950
2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 421 180 65 13 421 200 1,300
2018 429 169 65 13 429 195 1,300
2017 248 105 37 7 248 105 750
2016 330 140 50 10 330 140 1,000
2015 415 185 65 60 415 60 1,200
2014 315 175 65 60 315 70 1,000
2013 460 240 90 120 455 130 1,495
2012 320 145 75 63 315 75 993
2011 250 138 70 69 250 68 845
2010 575 85 55 45 135 55 950
2009 779 127 62 62 155 62 1,248
2008 1,268 183 45 45 149 45 1,734
2007 1,075 90 35 35 75 35 1,344
2006 770 130 30 30 230 30 1,218
2005 111 52 44 50 99 44 398
2004 99 45 45 45 119 45 397
2003 29 10 10 10 29 10 98
2002 217 102 10 5 280 75 689
2001 50 5 5 5 30 5 99
2000 30 30 20 20 30 20 149
1999 20 20 60 20 212 20 352
1998 64 74 79 74 303 49 642
1997 101 114 200 103 217 40 773
1996 96 90 40 95 255 176 751
1995 117 132 107 69 245 89 759
1994 191 126 147 120 335 239 1,158
1993 387 31 127 205 409 125 1,284
1992 344 104 384 158 558 362 1,910
1991 806 71 659 160 648 155 2,498
1990 332 89 149 119 239 64 991
1989 256 30 145 82 399 227 1,139
1988 273 85 66 40 341 202 1,007
1987 146 90 61 60 50 150 557
1986 532 365 100 70 255 180 1,502
1985 150 150 20 30 20 10 380
1984 100 0 51 0 25 0 176
1983 50 15 15 15 15 15 125
1982 50 0 0 0 0 0 50

Obligation rates since 1981

NGREA funds are typically not disbursed to the RCs until several months after the Defense Appropriations Act is signed; usually midway through the first year. The Service RCs submit their buy lists through the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) to the Legislative Defense Committees to review and approve. There is no Continuing Resolution Authority (CRA) for NGREA. Due to NGREA not being programmed and given the year to year variability in the appropriations, Congress has not closely scrutinized first year obligation rates. The RCs have historically executed 99% of NGREA funds by the end of the third year. RCs depend almost entirely on acquisition communities to execute NGREA in a timely fashion.

The Green Book

The National Defense Budget Estimates, commonly referred to as "The Green Book," is a reference source for data associated with the current budget estimates of the DoD. It provides current (nominal) and constant (real) dollar historical data for the department, as well as selected data on all national defense, the total federal budget, and the US economy. It is good source to see NGREA funding at a high level.  

National Guard and Reserve Equipment Report  (NGRER)

The NGRER is submitted to Congress each year NLT March 15 in accordance with Title 10 USC 10541, National Guard and Reserve Component Equipment Annual Report to Congress.  The report outlines the equipment of the National Guard and RCs of the armed forces for each of the three succeeding fiscal years.  It also provides considerable detail on recommendations as to the type and quantity of each major item of equipment which should be in the inventory, details on the current major items of equipment, and what equipment is to be retired.