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Office of Management & Budget (OMB)

ABUS 050

DAU GLOSSARY DEFINITION

Alternate Definition
OMB's mission is to assist the President in overseeing the preparation of the federal budget and to supervise its administration in Executive Branch agencies. In helping to formulate the President's spending plans, OMB evaluates the effectiveness of agency programs, policies, and procedures, assesses competing funding demands among agencies, and sets funding priorities. OMB ensures that agency reports, rules, testimony, and proposed legislation are consistent with the President's Budget and with Administration policies. In addition, OMB oversees and coordinates the Administration's procurement, financial management, information, and regulatory policies. In each of these areas, OMB's role is to help improve administrative management, to develop better performance measures and coordinating mechanisms, and to reduce any unnecessary burdens on the public.
(Source: https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb) OMB Circular A-11 contains OMB direction for formulation of the President's Budget 
General Information

OMB assists the President in the development and execution of his policies and programs. OMB has a hand in the development and resolution of all budget, policy, legislative, regulatory, procurement, e-gov, and management issues on behalf of the President. OMB is composed of divisions organized either by Agency and program area or by functional responsibilities. However, the work of OMB often requires a broad exposure to issues and programs outside of the direct area of assigned responsibility.

 

Resource Management Offices: RMOs develop and support the President's Budget and Management Agenda. These offices play a pivotal role in the annual negotiations with Congress over federal fiscal policies, and provide ongoing policy and management guidance to federal agencies. Resource Management Offices are organized by policy subject coinciding with the agencies under their purview. Staff in these offices become experts in their program and policy areas and are responsible for the analysis, evaluation, and implementation of policy options as well as the implementation of government-wide management initiatives.

 

Budget Review: These offices analyze trends in and the consequences of aggregate budget policy. They provide strategic and technical support for budget decision-making and negotiations, and they monitor Congressional action on spending legislation. In addition, these offices provide technical expertise in budget concepts and execution.

 

Legislative Program: The Legislative Reference Division coordinates articulation of the Administration's position on legislation. These offices coordinate the review and clearance of the Administration's legislative proposals and statements on bills progressing through Congress. This responsibility frequently requires resolution of conflicting agency views on legislation and negotiation of policy positions that respect the President's legislative priorities and program.

 

Statutory Offices: The Office of Federal Financial Management develops and provides direction on the implementation of financial management policies and systems. The Office of Federal Procurement Policy coordinates efforts to improve Federal procurement law, policies, and practices, which affect all Federal and federally-assisted purchases of goods, property, and services. The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) oversees the Federal regulations and information requirements, and develops policies to improve government statistics and information management.