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Security Assistance

Security Assistance is a group of programs authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) and the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) or other related statutes by which the US provides defense articles, military training, and other defense related services, by grant, loan, cash sale, or lease, in furtherance of national policies and objectives

Types of Security Assistance:

Foreign Military Sales
  • Foreign funds (or Grants) through the US Foreign Military Financing (FMF) Program
  • Purchase of U.S. defense articles or services through the U.S. Government via Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOA)
Foreign Military Financing Program (FMFP)
  • Appropriated program providing grants and loans to specific countries to enable purchase of U.S. defense articles, services, and training through either FMS or DCS channels
International Military Education and Training (IMET)
  • Professional military or technical training through grants for foreign military and civilian defense personnel
Excess Defense Articles
  • Offered either at reduced or no cost to eligible foreign recipients on an "as is, where is" basis
  • Foreign nation (in most cases) pays for refurbishment and shipping
Drawdowns
  • President may direct drawdown of defense articles, services, or training from DoD for unforeseen military emergencies that cannot be met under the AECA or any other authority
  • Second drawdown authority for counter-narcotics, anti-terrorism, non-proliferation, disaster relief, migration and refugee assistance, etc.

  
  
  
Summary Description
  
  
  
DSCA Memo Pre-LOA Acq Planning Activities (Aug 19).pdfFMS Acq Planning Activities -- DSCA Policy Memo 19-10 (Jul 19)
  
The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) published Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Acquisition Planning Activities Policy Memo 19-10 (SAMM E-Change 386) on July 31, 2019.

E-Change 386 updates Chapter 6 of the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) to allow DoD Component FMS Implementing Agencies (IAs) to conduct certain FMS Administrative Surcharge-funded acquisition planning activities after offering an LOA, rather than waiting until the LOA is implemented in certain circumstances.
8/29/2019 3:41 PMReference
DoD Int’l Acquisition Transactions -- DAU Overview (Aug 19) FINAL.pdfDAU Int'l Acquisition Transactions Overview (Aug 19)
  
This Defense Acquisition University (DAU) presentation provides an overview of the primary types or forms of DoD international acquisition transactions that are established with allied/friendly nations and international organizations.
9/1/2019 8:56 PMPresentation
Conventional Arms Transfer Policy Implementation Plan Update (Nov 18).aspxUSG Conventional Arms Transfer Policy (CAT) Implementation Plan Update (Nov 18)
  
The USG CAT Policy Implementation Plan addresses the increasingly competitive global arms sales environment described in the National Security Strategy, and seeks to modernize the U.S. Government’s policies and processes regarding arms transfers.

This updated Dept of State Fact Sheet describes three ongoing CAT Policy Implementation Plan Lines of Effort (LOE) designed to achieve USG CAT Policy goals. Each LOE is supported by a number of tasks that are currently being pursued by the relevant U.S. Government agencies, including USD(A&S), USD(R&E) and the Defense Acquisition Workforce.
11/9/2018 2:15 PMReport
DFARS Final Rule on TINA Exemption for FMS Offset Costs 2018-14045 (6-29-18).pdfDFARS Final Rule on TINA Exemption for FMS Indirect Offsets (Jun 18)
  
The Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations Supplement (DFARS) Final Rule that exempts Foreign Military Sales (FMS) from the Truth in Negotiations Act (TINA) requirements in U.S. law was published on June 29, 2018 in the Federal Register.
7/17/2018 6:19 PMReference
USA001568-18-DPAP (Class Deviation FMS KR Type) - Jun 18.pdfSection 830 FMS Firm Fixed Price Contracting - Class Deviation - DPAP (Jun 18)
  
This Office of SecDef/Acquisition & Sustainment/Defense Procurement & Acquisition Policy (DPAP) Memo of June 28, 2018 provides guidance to the DoD acquisition workforce on the implementation of Section 830 of the FY 2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) regarding Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Firm Fixed Price (FFP) contracting.

This DPAP Memo authorizes deviations from the Section 830 FMS FFP contracting guidance in two circumstances:

1) The FMS customer nation requests use of a different contract type in writing (which, in normal practice, would most likely be included in the FMS Letter of Request (LOR)).

2) It would be in the best interest of the U.S. and U.S. taxpayers as determined by the "Chief of the Contracting Office" based this DPAP Memo and DFARS PGI 216.403-l(l)(ii)(B) (e.g.., in situations where U.S. and FMS contracting requirements are being combined in a U.S. contracting action using contract type other than FFP to achieve optimal performance, cost, or schedule outcomes for the U.S.)  OSD/A&S/DPAP staff has confirmed that the "Chiefs" of local commands' Contracting Offices within the DoD Components (e.g., the various Army, Navy, and AF acquisition commands that routinely award US and FMS contracts) are authorized to make such determinations.

For further information regarding implementation of this guidance, consult the OSD/A&S/DPAP website, your DoD Component Contract Policy organization, and/or your DoD International Program Organization (IPO) .
7/3/2018 5:56 PMReference
USA001568-18-DPAP (SS KR Negotiations US - FMS) - Jun 18.pdfSole Source Contract Negotiations (US and FMS) -DPAP (Jun 18)
  
This Office of SecDef/Acquisition & Sustainment/Defense Procurement & Acquisition Policy (DPAP) Memo of June 28, 2018 provides guidance to the DoD acquisition workforce on U.S. 'domestic' and Foreign Military Sales (FMS) sole source contracting efforts.

For further information regarding implementation of this guidance, consult the OSD/A&S/DPAP website and/or your DoD Component Contract Policy organization.
7/3/2018 3:44 PMReference
RAND RPV Exports Report Announcement (June 18).aspxRAND Report -- Proliferation of Certain Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (Jun 18)
  
RAND recently announced publication of a report on the "Assessment of the Proliferation of Certain Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems" (Response to Section 1276 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017) on its website. 

This RAND Report explores five (5) research questions on RPV (aka Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) or "drone") proliferation in the global defense market, including the impact of U.S. Goverment (USG) interpretation of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) requirements and current USG export controls on RPV/UAS sales and exports.
6/20/2018 5:18 PMReport
FY18 NDAA Floor Summary Draft vFinal_0 p16.pdfFY18 NDAA Conference Report Summary (Nov 17)
  
Fiscal Year 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) Conference Committee Report Summary published on Nov 9, 2017.  The FY 2018 NDAA contains additional provisions on Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Security Cooperation 'reform' on page 16.  One of the provisions would require DoD to "establish specific milestones and standard timelines" for future FMS transactions.  The Conference Committee version of the FY 18 NDAA is awaiting Congressional and White House action before it becomes law.
11/15/2017 9:45 PMReport
FY 2018 NDAA - CRPT-115hrpt404 11-14-17.pdfFY 18 NDAA - Conference Cmte Version - 11-14-17
  
Fiscal Year 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) Conference Committee version text of Nov 14, 2017.
  
- See Section 887 for a new provision on NOTIONAL MILESTONES AND STANDARD TIMELINES FOR CONTRACTS FOR FOREIGN MILITARY SALES.
- There are a number of provisions related to country/region specific Security Cooperation activities, including a new provision in Section 1259A. on NORMALIZING THE TRANSFER OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND DEFENSE SERVICES TO TAIWAN.
- There is also a new provision, Section 1268., COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON PRICING AND AVAILABILITY WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN MILITARY SALES that establishes new Congressional reporting requirements in this area

This Conference Committee version of the FY 18 NDAA is awaiting Congressional and White House action before it becomes law.
11/15/2017 9:44 PMReference
RAND Report on SC Workforce Development  (2018).aspxRAND Report - Security Coop Workforce Development (2018)
  
This RAND Report entitled "Career Development for the Department of Defense Security Cooperation Workforce" explores several important research questions including:

1) Who belongs in the security cooperation workforce?
2) Which competencies are needed in the security cooperation workforce?
3) How can the security workforce be divided into different job families?
4) How much experience might be required at various stages of career development in the workforce?
7/6/2018 4:04 PMReport
DSCA FMS Video.aspxDSCA FMS Video (April 2018)
  
Link to Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) Website which contains a new DSCA Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Video, published on YouTube, thar provides a short (12 min) overview of FMS by LTG Hooper (Director, DSCA).   From a DAU perspective, the FMS overview provided in the video is quite useful.  However, the Security Cooperation (SC) matters discussed in the video are primarly oriented towards DSCA actvities in this area rather presenting a whole of Government/DoD perspective on the SC efforts.
4/2/2018 4:19 PMPresentation
ATL DPAP Sec 830 Pilot White Paper on FMS Pilot Programs - Aug 17.pdfAT&L DPAP White Paper on FMS Pilot Programs (Aug 17)
  
Office of Under SecDef Acquisition, Technology & Logistics (AT&L) Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy (DPAP) White Paper on Fiscal Year 2017 NDAA Section 830 Pilot Program legislative authority for implementation of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Pilot Program accelerated Full Rate Production (FRP) contracting arrangements.
1/8/2018 5:30 PMReference
Section 830 Brief - FFP for FMS - 1 Aug 2017 (Dir DPAP approved).PPTDPAP Briefing on FY 2017 NDAA Section 830 (FFP Contracts for FMS)
  
Per this Office of SecDef (AT&L) Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy (DPAP) briefing (Aug 2017), DoD Components should know this requirement exists, but wait for an interim or final DFARS rule to initiate action.  In the interim, DoD acquisition programs shuold be executing contracts or choosing a contract type supporting FMS that they would not otherwise execute on behalf of DoD's own requirements.  Sound business clearance processes and file documentation should be now and in the future, key requirements regarding implementing sec 830.
12/2/2017 4:27 PMPresentation
Sec 830 Req to use firm fixed-price contracts for foreign military from CRPT-114hrpt840  FY 17 NDAA.pdfFY 2017 NDAA Section 830 - Use of FFP for FMS Contracts
  
Per Office of SecDef (AT&L) Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy (DPAP), DoD Components should know this requirement exists, but wait for an interim or final DFARS rule to initiate action.  In the interim, DoD acquisition programs shuold be executing contracts or choosing a contract type supporting FMS that they would not otherwise execute on behalf of DoD's own requirements.  Sound business clearance processes and file documentation should be now and in the future, key requirements regarding implementing sec 830.
12/2/2017 4:21 PMReference
Offsets 05022017.pptxDAU ACQ 380 Chart on FMS-related Offsets
  
Defense Acquisition University (DAU) ACQ 380 Lesson Chart on Foreign Military Sales (FMS)-related Offset contracting policies and practices (current and pending).
12/1/2017 9:25 AMReference
FY17_18 NDAA FMS Items (Nov 18).pdfFY 17 & FY 18 NDAA FMS Topics -- Update (Nov 18)
  
These two ACQ 380 presentation charts summarize the FY 2017 and 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) legislative changes in the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) area and the U.S. Government/DoD implementation policies that have been issued since these NDAAs were passed by Congress and signed into law by the President
11/20/2018 3:22 PMLearning Material
DSCA eSAMM Website.aspxDoD 5105.38-M Chapter 4 - Foreign Military Sales Program
  
The Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program is that part of Security Assistance authorized by the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and conducted using formal contracts or agreements between the United States Government (USG) and an authorized foreign purchaser. These contracts, called Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs), are signed by both the USG and the purchasing Government or international organization; and provide for the sale of defense articles and/or defense services (to include training) usually from Department of Defense (DoD) stocks or through purchase under DoD-managed contracts. As with all Security Assistance, the FMS program supports United States (U.S.) foreign policy and national security goals and objectives.
10/17/2017 3:42 PMReference
DISCS Greenbook.aspxDISCS formerly DISAM Green Book
  
Defense Institute of Security Cooperation Studies (DISCS) "Green Book" which contains detailed policy and procedural information on  Security Assistance (and selected Security Cooperation) activities.  (Note: The Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM) was re-named DISCS by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DISAM) in July 2016.)   The Green Book provides detailed information on how DoD acquisition workforce and other DoD/USG personnel should implement most DoD Security Cooperation activities.
10/17/2017 1:13 PMReference
Defense Security Cooperation Agency DSCA News and Media Home Page.aspxDefense Security Cooperation Agency DSCA News and Media
  
DSCA's Home Page has a "News and Media" section that includes recent developments and major arms sales.
DSCA's Home Page has a "News and Media" section that includes recent developments and major arms sales.
3/15/2017 7:35 PMReference
DAU DSMC-I Intl Acq Transactions Software Overview - R2 -7-25-20.pptxDAU Int't Acq Transactions Computer Software Overview (Jul 20)
  
This DAU/DSMC-Int'l presentation (R2) of 7-25-20 provides an overview of USG/DoD policies and practices that apply to DoD Internatiional Transaction-related computer software vis-a-vis its treatment as a "Defense Article" or as "Information."

This revision addresses Cooperative R&D Agreements (CRADAs), Grants, Other Transaction Authority (OTA) agreements, FAR/DFAR contracts, Building Partner Capacity (BPC) and Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement (ACSA) transactions.
7/26/2020 11:47 AMLearning Material
DSCA 18-08 FMS Agency Sales.pdfDSCA Memo 18-08 on FMS Agency Sales (Jul 18)
  
This Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)  Memo implements a new Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Initiative to permit Agent sales. This FMS Agent Sales policy enables international organizations officially designated as Agents to act on behalf of one or multiple FMS-eligible countries or international organizations to procure defense articles and services.

The FMS Agent Sales initiative -- and the complementary Lead-Nation Procurement initiative -- affirm the USG's commitment to supporting allied/friendly nations' ability to procure U.S. defense articles
and services through innovative FMS procurement processes.
3/30/2020 9:14 PMReference
DAU International Defense Competitions Presentation 2-19-20.pdfDAU Int'l Defense Competitions (Feb 2020)
  
This DAU/DSMC-Int'l presentation on International Defense Competitions was delivered by Professor Frank Kenlon at the DAU South Int'l Acquisition & Exportability Workshop on February 19, 2020.
2/16/2020 10:47 PMLearning Material
DAU Offset Fundamentals Presentation 02112020.pdfDAU Offset Fundamentals (Feb 2020)
  
This DAU/DSMC-Int'l presentation on Offset Fundamentals was delivered by Professor Frank Kenlon at the DAU South Int'l Acquisition & Exportability Workshop on February 19, 2020.
2/16/2020 10:27 PMLearning Material
US Arms Transfer Increase 13 Percent in FY 2017.aspxUS Foreign Arms Sales & Transfers Total $192B in FY 2017
  
The State Department published a Fact Sheet on Nov 8, 2018 noting that authorized US arms exports rose by a total of 13 percent to $192.3 billion in FY 2017. 

According to the Dept of State, the FY 2017 increases in U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS), Building Partner Capacity (BPC), International Cooperation Program (ICP) and Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) of defense equipment and services have coincided with ongoing efforts by the USG (including the DoD Acquisition Workforce) to comprehensively reform and modernize the arms transfer process through the Conventional Arms Transfer (CAT) Policy initiative which began in April 2018. 

See the USG CAT Policy Implementation Plan Fact Sheet (Nov 18) on this website for further details regarding ongoing CAT Policy efforts by USG and DoD organizations and personnel.
11/9/2018 2:08 PMReport