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BPR Implementation


Overview: Business Process Reengineering (BPR) is one approach for redesigning the way work is done to better support the organization's mission and reduce costs.  BPR began as a private sector technique to help organizations fundamentally rethink how they do their work to dramatically improve performance.  As information systems and networks have become more sophisticated and widespread, it has become imperative to ensure that these systems are maximized for cost reduction and performance improvement. 

This element of the CCA asks if the business process or mission function supported by the proposed acquisition has been designed for optimum effectiveness and efficiency. This is known as Business Process Reengineering (BPR) and is used to redesign the way work is done to improve performance in meeting the organization's mission while reducing costs. The CCA requires the DoD Component to analyze its mission, and based on the analysis, revise its mission-related processes and administrative processes as appropriate before making significant investments in IT. To satisfy this requirement, BPR is conducted before entering the acquisition process. However, when the results of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System analysis, including the Analysis of Alternatives, results in a Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) enterprise solution, additional BPR is conducted after program initiation, to reengineer an organization's retained processes to match available COTS processes.
As stated in DoD Instruction 5000.02, "for a weapon system with embedded information technology and for command and control systems that are not themselves IT systems, it shall be presumed that the processes that the system supports have been sufficiently redesigned if one of the following conditions exist:
  1. the acquisition has a Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System document (Initial Capabilities Document, Capability Development Document or Capability Production Document) that has been approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) or JROC designee, or
  2. the Milestone Decision Authority determines that the Analysis of Alternatives (Functional Solution Analysis) is sufficient to support the initial Milestone decision."

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