Browse by Subject
Browse by Category
[View this post in HTML for embedded URLs to Inside Defense article and CSIS report]
Inside Defense article on 23 Sep 20 discusses an August 2020 report (70 pages) by the Center for Security and International Studies (CSIS) that looks at Procurement vs. RDT&E budgets over the past 40 years.
The article is titled "CSIS report finds decline in ration of procurement spending to R&D spending" and was written by Marjorie Censer.
The 70-page CSIS report itself is titled "Is the Ratio of Investment between Research and Development to Production in Major Defense Acquisition Programs Experiencing Fundamental Change?" There are two sections of S&T analysis (4.2.1 & 4.2.2) in the report from pp. 14-17 that discuss S&T as a portion of RDT&E and the trends of 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 to each other over time.
The report seems to say that acquisitions are no more broken now than they have been in the past, though the systems it is developing and procurement are orders of magnitude more complex and dependent on software.
Subject issuance incorporates Change 1 dated 17 Sep 20 to the previous issuance dated 21 Dec 10.
This doc is a good overview of basic DoD organizational relationships, especially for those new to the DoD, and to cover the new organizations and revised relationships directed over the past few years, summarized below.
Purpose: "Establishes the functions of the Department of Defense and its major Components, supporting the core mission areas of the Armed Forces, which are broad DoD military operations and activities required to achieve the strategic objectives of the National Security Strategy, National Defense Strategy, and National Military Strategy (References (b), (c), and (d)), in accordance with title 10, United States Code (U.S.C.) (Reference (e))."
SUMMARY OF CHANGE 1 [Quite lengthy]:
The changes to this issuance are administrative and:
a. Update references and organizational symbols to reflect the reorganization of:
(1) The Office of the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, in accordance with the July 11, 2014 Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (be)), section 132a of Reference (e), and February 1, 2018 Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (bf)), including merger of:
(a) The Office of the Director of Administration and Management.
(b) The Office of the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Oversight.
(2) The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics into the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in accordance with DoDDs 5137.02 and 5135.02 (References (k) and (bp)).
(3) The Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration/DoD Chief Information Officer to the Office of the DoD Chief Information Officer, pursuant to DoDD 5144.02 (Reference (s)).
b. Update the organizational composition of the DoD, to reflect the establishment and disestablishment of the following:
(1) Establishment of the USCYBERCOM, pursuant to section 167b of Reference (e), in accordance with section 164 of Reference (e).
(2) Establishment of the U.S. Space Force, pursuant to section 952 of Public Law 116-92 (Reference (bg)).
(3) Establishment of the Principal Cyber Advisor (PCA), pursuant to section 932 of Public Law 113-66 (Reference (bh)) and in accordance with section 167b of Reference (e).
(4) Disestablishment of the Defense Business Transformation Agency, in accordance with the August 16, 2010 Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (bi)).
(5) Establishment of the Defense Health Agency (DHA) and disestablishment of the TRICARE Management Activity, in accordance with DoDD 5136.13 (Reference (bc)).
(6) Establishment of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, and disestablishment of the Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office, in accordance with DoDD 5110.10 (Reference (av)).
(7) Retitling of the Defense Security Service as the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, in accordance with the June 20, 2019 Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (bj)).
(8) Establishment of the Space Development Agency, in accordance with the March 12, 2019 Acting Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (bk)).
c. Reflect the following functions and responsibilities, authorities, and relationships changes:
(1) Updated the Deputy Secretary of Defense functions pursuant to DoDD 5105.02 (Reference (br)).
(2) Addition of the Chief, NGB to membership of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, pursuant to section 151 of Reference (e) and the Chief of Space Operations, pursuant to section 9082 of Reference (e).
(3) Removal of references to the Quadrennial Defense Review, pursuant to section 941 of Public Law 114-328 (Reference (bl)), and the Quadrennial Roles and Missions Review, pursuant to section 1072 of Public Law 113-291 (Reference (bm)).
(4) Renaming of the Deputy's Advisory Working Group as the Deputy's Management Action Group, in accordance with the October 6, 2011 Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (bn)).
(5) Updating the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff functions to include providing advice on global military strategic and operational integration, in accordance with section 153 of Reference (e).
(6) Updating the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict functions to include coordinating on Military Department and Military Service personnel management policy and plans, in accordance with section 138 of Reference (e).
On 11 Sep 20, USD(A&S) and USD(I&S) (Intelligence & Security) jointly issued DoDI 5000.86, Acquisition Intelligence. Its purpose: "In accordance with the authority in DoD Directive (DoDD) 5135.02 and DoDD 5143.01, this issuance establishes policy, assigns responsibilities, and provides direction for the integration of intelligence in the acquisition life cycle in accordance with DoDD 5000.01." The instruction doesn't state that it replaces or incorporates existing policy from the previous DoDI 5000.02T or any other instructions so it appears to be brand new. However, as discussed below, aspects of the policy were already in effect for all acquisition programs.
The 16-page instruction directs defense acquisition personnel to "...manage all potential threats to an acquisition effort and focus on the critical intelligence parameters (CIPs). It calls for collaboration between the requirements, acquisition, R&D, and intelligence communities to ensure awareness of adversary capabilities and intentions."
This instruction connects the intelligence community to an acquisition program through three previously-identified intelligence products: Threat modules; validated on-line life-cycle threat (VOLT) reports; and technology targeting risk assessments (TTRAs). The VOLT report and the TTRA were already identified in the DAU Milestone Document Identification (MDID) tool as regulatory requirements. Quotes from the MDID follow below.
The VOLT report is required for all ACAT programs. "MDAPs require a unique system-specific VOLT report to support capability development and PM assessments of mission needs and capability gaps against likely threat capabilities at IOC. The VOLT report uses the bi-annual Defense Intelligence Threat Library Threat Modules as its analytic foundation. The threat modules provide the PM projections of technology and adversary capability trends for the next 20 years. VOLT reports are required for all other programs unless waived by the MDA. In conjunction with the VOLT, the requirements sponsor and Component capability developer will collaboratively develop critical intelligence parameters in accordance with the JCIDS. Programs on the DOT&E Oversight List require a unique, system-specific VOLT, unless waived by both the MDA and the DOT&E. DoD Components produce a VOLT. DIA validates the VOLT for ACAT ID programs; the DoD Component validates the VOLT for ACAT IB and IC programs and below."
The TTRA is also required for all ACAT programs. It is "Prepared by the DoD Component and coordinated with the DoD Component intelligence analytical centers per DoDI O-5240.24. Forms the analytic foundation for counterintelligence assessments in the associated PPP. DIA will validate the report for ACAT ID; the DoD Component will be the validation authority for ACAT IB and IC and below."
Section 3 of the instruction, "Intelligence in Key Acquisition Documents and Functions," discusses intelligence support to a program's acquisition strategy, analysis of alternatives, capability requirements documents, request for proposal and other transaction authority, systems engineering plan, test and evaluation master plan, program protection plan, concept of operations, and life-cycle mission data plan.
Sharing with the community the DoD Joint Artificial Intelligence Center website and references link. Contained within is an excellent primer on AI written by Greg Allen, Chief of Strategy and Communication/JAIC.
An Inside Defense article by Tony Bertuca published on 3 Sep 20 states that in response to a recommendation from the recent GAO report GAO-20-578 on DoD management of industry's Independent Research and Development (IR&D), the DoD intends to "begin annual reviews of [IR&D] projects so they can be better integrated into the U.S. military's technology plans." The OUSD(R&E) will also "investigate and revise its IR&D instruction [DoDI 3204.01, CH2, 9 Jul 20] to require annual review of defense industry IR&D investments."
The DoD used to hold annual reviews of industry IR&D to help shape industry investments until congressional action in 1992 put a halt to that. How these new annual reviews will actually be implemented is unknown at this point but I will try to schedule a DAU Webcast on the revised instruction, policy, and processes whenever the instruction is published, likely a year or so down the road.
What are your thoughts? Please share them here in a respose to this discussion topic.
Alert me of new conversations
Tip: Sign in and then click 'Join this community' to become a member of this site.
OSD Issues Updated DoDD 5000.01 The DASSeptember 10, 2020 On 9 Sep 20, the DepSecDef issued the updated DoDD 5000.01 titled &..
Space System Cybersecurity Directive IssuedSeptember 08, 2020 On 4 Sep 20, President Trump issued Space Policy Directive 5 (SPD-..
GAO Reports on DoD Use of Independent Research and DevelopmentSeptember 03, 2020 On 3 Sep 20, the GAO issued a new report on Independent Research and..
Required fields marked with *
Please note that you should expect to receive a response from our team, regarding your inquiry, within 2 business days.