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From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 102https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=25From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 1022022-10-01T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClass04E10E37EC734F8CB691E4294824C49F"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="width:20%;float:left;margin-left:6px;margin-right:6px;" />The theme for this issue is “Risk in Business,” a nod to the 1983 film with Tom Cruise, who this summer (2022) stars in <em>Top Gun: Maverick</em>, which begins with a high-stakes defense acquisition scenario involving a prototype hypersonic aircraft. That film, as well as the articles and book reviews in this issue, all touch on the inherent nature of defense acquisition, which is to identify and manage the unknowns.<br> <br> The first paper, “Innovation Transition Success: Practice Doesn’t Make Perfect” by Kaitlyn Ryan, Amy Cox, Ethan Blake, Clay Koschnick, and Alfred Thal, discusses Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) programs. The authors analyze the effectiveness of SBIR investments for encouraging innovation and development. They find that compared with large enterprises, small businesses have a small but significant increase in commercialization rate (2.6% greater).<br> <br> The second paper, by Margaret Hauser, Geraldo Ferrer, and Robert Mortlock, is “Assessing Policy Changes on the Cost of Husbanding Services for Navy Ships.” It reflects on some of the changes and reforms to the Navy's husbanding service protocols in the wake of the Fat Leonard Scandal. The authors demonstrate that more formalized processes and increased competition in awards have netted an overall decrease in the cost of these services.<br> <br> The third paper is “Phasing Risk in Aircraft Development Programs,” by Gregory Brown. It presents a method of modeling and projecting the effectiveness of risk dollars. Given that most program growth occurs in the second half of the planned development schedule, the author recommends allocating risk dollars for new programs in phases that increase later in the program schedule.<br> <br> This issue’s Current Research Resources in Defense Acquisition focuses on Great Power Competition.<br> <br> The first featured work in the Defense Acquisition Reading List book review is <em>A History of Government Contracting</em> (2nd ed.) by James F. Nagle, reviewed by John Krieger. The second work is <em>NATO: A Business History</em> by Robert Foxcurran, reviewed by Dr. Paul Spitzer.<br> <br> Dr. Mary Redshaw has left the Editorial Board. We thank her for her service.<br> <br> We welcome COL Robert L. Ralston, USA, to the Editorial Board.</div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor-Issue-102
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 101https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=24From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 1012022-06-30T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClass7A2E48EFE84F4FE1B9CF4AF8164268BC"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="margin-left:6px;margin-right:6px;float:left;" />The theme for this issue is “Reexamining Investments for the Future.” Issues such as education of military personnel, aging aircraft, and even contracting out services are examined, not merely as costs, but as means of improving efficiency and Warfighter readiness. With recent escalations in Europe and across the world, the need for the U.S. to reevaluate and modernize its military systems has come into even sharper focus. The book review in this issue also looks at the kinds of investments needed for the nation in the face of great power competition.<br> <br> The first article, “Optimizing Warfighters’ Intellectual Capability: Return on Investment of Military Education and Research,” by Johnathan Mun, examines novel ways to value the monetary return on investment (ROI) of military education and research. The Department of Defense sends a large number of officers to various military universities to obtain graduate degrees or perform academic research, as well as to acquire highly valued technical skills and nontechnical competencies in their respective billets. This research indicates that such education brings overall government benefits valued at over five times the initial investment.<br> <br> The second article, by Thomas Tincher and Tim Breitbach, “Fleet Sustainment and the Fiscal Impact of Contracting Red Air,” uses qualitative analysis and quantitative modeling to determine when aggressor sorties should be contracted out in lieu of government-owned aircraft. This article shows that the government may benefit from contracting out aggressor sorties when organic resources are unavailable or more expensive to use than contractor aircraft. By utilizing contract aggressors more often, not only is direct demand on the sustainment base reduced, but training capacity and fiscal flexibility are increased, allowing for more efficient use of front-line aircraft and other resources.<br> <br> The third article is “Maintenance Cost Growth in Aging Aircraft: Analysis of a New DHS Dataset” by Nicholas J. Ross. The author uses maintenance cost per flight hour data from Customs and Border Protection Air and Marine Operations to determine how maintenance costs increase with fleet age. The author shows that maintenance cost per flight hour increases by 8% for every year the fleet ages. These calculations pave the way for fleets that are both more effective in combat, and more cost-efficient on the balance sheet.<br> <br> This issue’s Current Research Resources in Defense Acquisition focuses on Supply Chain Risk Management.<br> <br> The featured work in the Defense Acquisition Reading List book review is <em>The Hundred Year Marathon: China’s Secret Strategy to Replace America as the Global Superpower</em> by Michael Pillsbury, reviewed by David Riel.</div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor-Issue-101
From the DAU President - Issue 100https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=22From the DAU President - Issue 1002022-04-01T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClassE8863218E5ED4772A49A3560607644E6"><img alt="James P. Woolsey" src="https://www.acq.osd.mil/asda/leadership/imgs/woolsey-official-2.jpg" style="width:25%;float:left;margin-left:6px;margin-right:6px;" />Twenty-seven years ago, as the world watched the Cold War draw to a close, DAU fielded a new publication to flll a scholarly need that had never been addressed before. The publication that would eventually become the <em>Defense Acquisition Research Journal</em> (<em>Defense ARJ</em>) was created to act as an information and research channel dedicated specifically to the defense acquisition community. It aimed to provide acquisition professionals with relevant management tools; foster the exchange of opinions, information, and policy decisions; and maintain awareness and insight regarding acquisition management philosophies.<br> <br> Three decades and 100 issues later, the <em>Defense ARJ</em> has evolved and grown into an integral piece of the defense acquisition landscape. Thanks to the advent of the internet making academic communities more interconnected than ever before, the <em>Defense ARJ</em> is able to work with respected professionals from organizations across the globe to provide relevant, cutting-edge research to a growing readership around the world.<br> <br> In our digital age, the global acquisition ecosystem is growing and evolving at an ever-accelerating pace, and the <em>Defense ARJ</em> is evolving alongside it. Improvements to the digital publication are making articles easier to access, more intuitive to interact with, and simpler to share. The <em>Defense ARJ</em> is also working to ensure that its articles more easily find their way into the hands of those who need them and provide acquisition professionals pertinent, current research at their point of need. By removing obstacles to learning and incentivizing growth and discussion in the acquisition workforce, the <em>Defense ARJ</em> looks to create a truly foundational sense of freedom and accessibility for its readers.<br> <br> As DAU undergoes its transformation to better meet the needs of the acquisition workforce, the <em>Defense ARJ</em> will transform alongside to bring the cutting edge of acquisition and management to those who need it, when they need it, as accessibly and efficiently as possible.</div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-DAU-President-Issue-100
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 100https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=23From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 1002022-04-01T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClassE16242533F0D4E21BEF592BC5269F438"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="margin-left:6px;margin-right:6px;float:left;" />This issue of the <em>Defense Acquisition Research Journal</em> is a retrospective of the 100 issues that have been published in the span of almost 30 years. This issue traces the path that defense acquisition research, as presented in these pages, has taken from the end of the Cold War until today. To this end, we are reprinting selected articles from our history, which chronicle how the field has evolved.<br> <br> As the former managing editor, Norene Johnson, recounted in the <em>Defense ARJ</em> issue 87 (January 2019), since its inauguration in 1994, the journal “has stayed true to the publisher’s original intent—to specifcally meet the requirements of the Defense Acquisition Workforce, giving Acquisition professionals a forum to publish scholarly research pertaining to subject matters relevant to the Defense Acquisition community.”<br> <br> While we have stayed true to the original intent of meeting the requirements of the Defense Acquisition Workforce, the subjects of interest have of course changed over the span of three decades. For the first decade until 2004, those subjects were: Acquisition Reform, Acquisition Strategy, Management, Organizational Behavior, Interoperability, and Cost and Schedule.(1) From 2004 until the present, Acquisition Reform, Management, and Cost and Schedule (including cost growth and analysis) remained at the top of the list, but other priorities changed. Systems Engineering, Contracts, and Performance and Technology became new priorities for defense acquisition research, which correlates with the 21st-century rise of network-centric warfare and web-enabled capabilities.(2)<br> <br> Over that three-decade span, the journal has undergone several name changes. In this issue, we are reprinting the most widely read and cited article from each of these incarnations. The journal was first issued under the name <em>Acquisition Review Quarterly </em>(1994–2003), with its opening remarks penned by John M. Deutch, then United States Deputy Secretary of Defense. He is also the author of the premier article from that period, “Consolidation of the US Defense Industrial Base” (issue 8, Fall 2001), which opens this issue.<br> <br> In 2004, the journal became the <em>Defense Acquisition Review Journal </em>(2004– 2010). In that period, the most cited article was John Rice's “Adaptation of Porter’s Five Forces Model to Risk Management” (issue 55, July 2010), which is the second article in this issue.<br> <br> In 2011, the journal took the name <em>Defense Acquisition Research Journal</em>, under which it is published today. To date, the most widely read article has been Robert Tremaine's “The High Flying Leadership Qualities: What Matters the Most?” (issue 77, April 2016), which is the third article.<br> <br> We also reprint the first book review from our Defense Acquisition Professional Reading List, written by Michael Pryce about<em> The Polaris System Development: Bureaucratic and Programmatic Success in Government </em>by Harvey Sapolsky (issue 57, January 2011).<br> <br> We are pleased to welcome to the Editorial Board Dr. Cynthia R. Cook of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. <hr /> <h6>1. Subjects from 1994–2004 from Elder, Mitchell J., "An Eleven Year Retrospective of the <em>Acquisition Review Journal</em>" (March 2005). Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology: Theses and Dissertations no. 3831, <a href="https://scholar.aft.edu/etd/3831" target="_blank">https://scholar.aft.edu/etd/3831</a>.<br> <br> 2. Subjects from 2005–2021 from online keyword searches conducted by Emily Beliles, January 2022.</h6></div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor-Issue-100

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