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From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 97https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=19From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 972021-07-01T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClassD1949D385A6A4653A9EA250E12E2BE36"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="float:left;border-width:0px;border-style:solid;margin-left:6px;margin-right:6px;" />The theme for this issue is “Optimizing Operations.”<br> <br> The first article addresses a timely subject. “Distributed Operations in Response to COVID-19: Assessing Workforce Perceptions of Productivity and Success,” by Glenn Tolentino, John Wood, and Shane Riley, shows how the Department of Defense workforce transitioned to distributed, maximum telework operations because of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. This study shows the effects of maximum telework on an organization in the areas of personnel productivity and project success.<br> <br> The second article is “A Simulation-based Optimization Approach to Logistic and Supply Chain Network Design” by Michael C. Jones, Thomas A. Mazzuchi, and Shahram Sarkani. The authors evaluate how simulations can overcome problems with over-simplifications made in logistics and supply chain analysis, such as constant per-unit transportation costs regardless of the size of the shipment or the route taken. They propose a practical approach to optimizing supply chains in the face of uncertainty.<br> <br> The third article, by Bradford A. Myers, Edward D. White, Jonathan D. Ritschel, and R. David Fass, is “Quantifying the Effects of Aircraft Engine Upgrades on Operating and Support Costs.” The authors explore how new engines for fixed wing Air Force aircraft empirically affect operating and support costs, and conclude that better fuel efficiency more than offsets maintenance costs, resulting in a net savings.<br> <br> This issue’s Current Research Resources in Defense Acquisition focuses on another timely subject—Remote Work.<br> <br> The featured work in the Defense Acquisition Reading List book review is <em>Leadership Is Language: The Hidden Power of What You Say—and What You Don’t</em>, by CAPT L. David Marquet, USN (Ret.), reviewed by Brian J. Duddy.<br> <br> Dr. Richard Altieri has left the Editorial Board. We thank him for his service.<br> We welcome Mr. Eric Lofgren to the Editorial Board.<br> <br> <strong>Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro</strong><br> <em>Chairman and Executive Editor<br> Defense ARJ</em></div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor-Issue-97
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 96https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=18From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 962021-04-01T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClass92C69FC0C58F418592527A463F0D91A7"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="float:left;margin-left:3px;margin-right:3px;" />The theme for this issue is “Building It Better.” The first paper is “Engineering a Better IT Program Manager: A Comparative Study of IT PM Education and Training,” by William J. Parker. It evaluates the relationship between technical education/commercial project management certification and project management success, using data for information technology (IT) program managers (PMs). The author concludes that there is no relationship between undergraduate technical degree, commercial PM certification, and project management success.<br> <br> The second paper, by James Hasik, “How to Bail Out a Defense Contractor: Cases on Securing a Supply Chain <em>in extremis</em>,” reviews nine prominent bailouts of defense contractors from the past 50 years. The author concludes that providing short-term infusions of cash may be necessary but insufficient to maintain industry structures, while providing long-term demand is both necessary and likely sufficient to maintain those structures.<br> <br> The third paper, “Effective Decision-Making Behaviors for Defense R&D: Accounting for Dynamic Competition,” by Mark Calafut, Shahram Sarkani, and Thomas A. Mazzuchi provides a fresh examination of competition in research and development (R&D) in the ecosystem of defense industry companies, government laboratories, and not-for-profit organizations. The study identifies behaviors that achieve greater average value than standard alternatives that do not account for competition.<br> <br> This issue’s Current Research Resources in Defense Acquisition focuses on DevSecOps (Development, Security, Operations).<br> <br> The featured work in the Defense Acquisition Reading List book review is <em>12 Seconds of Silence: How a Team of Inventors, Tinkerers, and Spies Took Down a Nazi Superweapon</em> by Jamie Holmes, reviewed by Emily Beliles.<br> <br> Dr. Joseph Ilk has left the Editorial Board. We thank him for his service.<br> <br> We welcome Mr. Patrick Morrow to the Editorial Board.<br> <br> <strong>Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro</strong><br> <em>Chairman and Executive Editor<br> Defense ARJ</em></div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor---Issue-96
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 95https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=17From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 952021-01-28T17:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClassBAB8AA92252B4273A5F1BE3CE5961524"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="margin-left:3px;margin-right:3px;float:left;" />The theme for this issue is “Learning While Doing,” an appropriate premise given that now in the era of COVID-19, many of us are getting on-the-job training in how to effectively work remotely from our teammates and organizations.<br> <br> The first article, “Technology Trust: System Information Impact on Autonomous Systems Adoption in High-Risk Applications” by Michael G. Anderson and Johnathan C. Mun, addresses one of the more important issues in adopting autonomous systems in the military: how and when to deploy such technology, even as the systems become more capable. The use and adoption of an autonomous technology to replace people depends on both the system capability to perform the task, and the trust (based on experience) that it will do so. The development of experience-based trust in autonomous systems is costly and carries a high risk of harm to operators. This article examines a methodology for technology discovery that reduces the need for experience-based trust and contributes to increased adoption of autonomous systems.<br> <br> The second article by Matthew R. Markman, Jonathan D. Ritschel, and Edward D. White, titled “Use of Factors in Development Estimates: Improving the Cost Analyst Toolkit,” reports on research that expands the currently available toolkit for cost analysts, through the development of cost factors in the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase of the life cycle. The authors provide guidance on where cost analysts’ efforts should be allocated, using factor creation and statistical testing in areas such as program management, systems engineering, data, and training.<br> <br> The third article is “A Learning Curve Model Accounting for the Flattening Effect in Production Cycles” by Evan R. Boone, John J. Elshaw, Clay M. Koschnick, Jonathan D. Ritschel, and Adedeji B. Badiru. It describes the creation of a new learning curve for production processes that incorporates a new model parameter, that of the “flattening effect” later in the production process, i.e., a decreasing learning rate function over time, as opposed to a constant learning rate that is frequently used. The new parameter allows for a steeper learning curve at the beginning of production, and a flattening effect near the end of production. This model showed a statistically significant reduction in error when compared to Wright’s learning curve, which is a popular method used by many organizations today.<br> <br> The Research Agenda has been expanded to include cybersecurity and cyberanalytics.<br> <br> This issue’s Current Research Resources in Defense Acquisition focuses on Mid-Tier Acquisition.<br> <br> The featured work in the Defense Acquisition Reading List book review is <em>The Story of Technology: How We Got Here and What the Future Holds</em> by Daniel Gerstein, reviewed by Janel C. Wallace.<br> <br> Dr. Craig Arndt has left the Editorial Board. We thank him for his service.<br> <br> We welcome Mr. David Lewis to the Editorial Board.<br> <br> Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro<br> Chairman and Executive Editor<br> <em>Defense ARJ</em></div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor---Issue-95
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 94https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=16From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 942020-10-31T16:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg, https://www.dau.edu/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/ARJ91_newfeather.jpg<div class="ExternalClass5B9B0C31A36C44E99C239EDF7E451E72"><img alt="Photo of Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="margin-left:6px;margin-right:6px;float:left;width:148px;height:183px;" />The theme for this issue is “Influencing Defense Acquisition,” in recognition of the fact that this issue’s papers were selected as winners of the 2020 Defense Acquisition Alumni Association (DAUAA) Hirsch Acquisition and Writing Competition, and celebrated in the annual ceremony "DAU Influencer Awards," which recognizes those who have made a significant contribution to DAU or the profession of acquisition. The three award winners were selected from a strong field of entrants.<br> <br> The first-place winner, and recipient of the Jacques S. Gansler Award, is Robert F. Mortlock, for his paper “Camouflage Combat Uniform.” This case history studies the Army’s decision to change the camouflage pattern on combat uniforms. The case allows acquisition professionals to analyze the Army acquisition decision-making process, specifically focusing on skills in critical thinking, problem solving, resource management, stakeholder engagement, and strategic communication.<br> <br> Second prize goes to Justin F. Brunelle, Daniel Frisk, Benjamin Mayer, Paula Randall, and Awais Sheikh, for “Measuring the Impact of Innovation Activities in Government.” This paper presents the results of a study on the current state of pursuing and measuring innovation in government, and provides recommendations for metrics based on the different types of innovation organizations.<br> <br> Third prize goes to Brian Duddy, Timothy Landucci, and Julie Knechtel for “Delivering Capability Through Competition in Defense Contracting: Does Policy Drive Results?” This study reports competition trends across Department of Defense (DoD) contracts, which are the largest federal obligator of contracted dollars, then identifies barriers to that competition and makes recommendations to promote future competition.<br> <br> This issue’s Current Research Resources in Defense Acquisition focuses on Agile Software Development.<br> <br> The featured work in the Defense Acquisition Reading List book review is <em>Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead</em> by Jim Mattis and Bing West, reviewed by David Riel.<br> <br> <strong>Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro</strong><br> <em>Chairman and Executive Editor<br> Defense ARJ</em></div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor---Issue-94

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