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Design Considerations Overview

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The Program Manager (PM) and Systems Engineer should consider and document all statutory and regulatory requirements, as well as other design considerations, in order to:

  • Translate the end-user desired capabilities into a structured system of interrelated design specifications that support delivery of required operational capability.
  • Enable trade-offs among the design considerations in support of achieving desired mission effectiveness within cost and schedule constraints.
  • Incorporate design considerations into the set of system requirements, as some are mandated by laws, regulations or treaties, while others are mandated by the domain or DoD Component or Agency; these mandates should be incorporated during the Requirements Analysis process to achieve balance across all system requirements.

Some design considerations are concepts that assist trade-offs and should be accommodated or applied to each system or program. Others are constraints, boundaries or limitations, with values that can sometimes be tailored or negotiated, but which generally represent immovable parts of the trade space. The PM and Systems Engineer should show evidence of critical thinking in addressing the design considerations, as documented in the program SEP. According to the SEP Outline, the SEP should include a table of design considerations that are critical to the program and are an integral part of the design process, including trade-off analyses.

With the understanding that each design consideration is a discrete item to investigate during the design process, the PM, Systems Engineer, and other stakeholders should also view design considerations as an integrated set of variables that can influence one another. The PM and Systems Engineer should consider them in conjunction with one another, as early as the Analysis of Alternatives, to achieve better mission performance and to preclude a stovepipe view during design.

The design considerations listed in Table 42 below should be assessed for applicability to the system, as they may not all be appropriate. Table 42 lists the statutory requirements for the design considerations covered in DAG Chapter 3 Design Considerations, as well as applicable policy and guidance related to those design considerations. See the DAG Chapter 3 Design Considerations Standards supplemental guidance for a partial list of government and Department of Defense (DoD) adopted non-government standards relevant to the design considerations listed in Table 42. Program Managers and Systems Engineers can incorporate the standards into acquisition contracts to support delivery of required operational capability. It is important to note the supplemental guidance contains several mandatory standards.

Table 42 is not all inclusive; it does not include any additional design considerations levied by the Service, the Center, the platform, or the domain. Not all design considerations are equally important or critical to a given program, but all should be examined for relevancy.

Table 42: Design Considerations List

Design Consideration DAG Section Statutory Requirement Policy & Guidance
Accessibility (Section 508 Compliance) CH 3, 4.3.1 Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (i.e., 29 U.S.C. 794d)
  • DoDD 8000.01
  • DoDI 5000.02, Enclosure 11
  • DoD 8400.01-M
  • FAR 39.204
Affordability - SE Trade-Off Analysis CH 3, 4.3.2
  • DoDI 5000.02, Enclosures 1, 2, 3, and 8
  • USD(AT&L) memorandum, "Implementation Directive for Better Buying Power 3.0: Achieving Dominant Capabilities through Technical Excellence and Innovation," April 9, 2015
  • USD(AT&L) memorandum, "Better Buying Power 2.0: Continuing the Pursuit for Greater Efficiency and Productivity in Defense Spending," November 13, 2012
  • USD(AT&L) memorandum, "Implementation Directive for Better Buying Power-Restoring Affordability and Productivity in Defense Spending," November 3, 2010
  • USD(AT&L) memorandum, "Better Buying Power: Guidance for Obtaining Greater Efficiency and Productivity in Defense Spending," September 14, 2010
Anti-Counterfeiting CH 3, 4.3.3 P.L. 112-81 (SEC 818) DoDI 4140.67
Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) CH 3, 4.3.4
  • 41 USC 104 and 1907
  • P.L. 103-355 (SEC 8104)
  • P.L. 104-106 (SEC 357)
SD-2
Corrosion Prevention and Control (CPC) CH 3, 4.3.5
  • DoDD 5000.01, Enclosure 1, paragraph E1.1.17
  • DoDI 5000.02, Enclosures 1 and 3
  • DoDI 5000.67
  • DoD Corrosion Prevention and Control Planning Guidebook
  • DFARS 223.73
Critical Safety Item (CSI) CH 3, 4.3.6
  • P.L. 108-136 (SEC 802)
  • P.L. 109-364 (SEC 130)
  • 10 USC 2319
  • DoDM 4140.01, Encl. 11
  • JACG Aviation CSI Management Handbook
  • SECNAVINST 4140.2
  • AFI 20-106
  • DA Pam 95-9
  • DLAI 3200.4
  • DCMA INST CSI (AV) Management of Aviation Critical Safety Items
  • DFARS 209.270, 246.407, 246.504, 246.371 and 252.246-7003
Demilitarization and Disposal CH 3, 4.3.7
  • DoDI 4160.28, Volume 1
  • DoDI 5000.02 Procedures and Encl. 6 and 13
  • DoDM 4140.01, Encl. 6
  • DoDM 4160.21, Volume 1
Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages (DMSMS) CH 3, 4.3.8 SD-22
Environment, Safety and Occupational Health (ESOH) CH 3, 4.3.9
  • 42 USC 4321
  • EO 12114
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 1, 3, 6, 7, and 13
  • DoDD 4715.21
  • DFARS 223.73
  • FAR 23.2, 23.4, 23.7 and 23.8
Human Systems Integration (HSI) CH 3, 4.3.10
  • DoDD 5000.01, Encl. 1, para E1.1.29
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 7
Insensitive Munitions CH 3, 4.3.11 10 USC 2389
  • DoDD 6055.09E
  • Secretary of Defense Memorandum, "DoD Policy on Submunition Reliability," January 10, 2001
  • USD(AT&L) Memorandum, "Joint Insensitive Munitions Test Standards and Compliance Assessment," February 10, 2010
  • USD(AT&L) Memorandum, "Insensitive Munitions Strategic Plans," July 21, 2004
  • DoD Acquisition Manager’s Handbook for Insensitive Munitions, Revision 02, November 2008
Intelligence (Life-cycle Mission Data Plan (LMDP)) CH 3,4.3.12
  • DoDD 5250.01
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 1
Interoperability and Dependency (I&D) CH 3, 4.3.13 44 USC 3506
  • DoDD 4630.05
  • DoDD 5000.01
  • DoDI 2010.06
  • DoDI 4630.8
  • DoDI 5000.02
  • CJCSI 3170.01
  • JCIDS Manual
Item Unique Identification (IUID) CH 3, 4.3.14
  • DoDD 8320.03
  • DoDI 4151.19
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 1 and 3
  • DoDI 5000.64
  • DoDI 8320.04
  • DoD Guide to Uniquely Identifying Items, Version 2.5, September 15, 2012
  • DoD Guidelines for Engineering, Manufacturing and Maintenance Documentation Requirements, April 20, 2007
  • DFARS 211.274-2, 252.211-7003, 252.211-7007
Modular Design CH 3, 4.3.15 10 USC 2430
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 1 and 3
  • DoD 5010.12-M
  • USD(AT&L) memorandum, "Implementation Directive for Better Buying Power 3.0: Achieving Dominant Capabilities through Technical Excellence and Innovation," April 9, 2015
  • USD(AT&L) Memorandum, "Better Buying Power 2.0: Continuing the Pursuit for Greater Efficiency and Productivity in Defense Spending," November 13, 2012
Operational Energy CH 3, 4.3.16 10 USC 138c
  • CJCSI 3170.01
  • JCIDS Manual
Packaging, Handling, Storage, and TransportationPackaging, Handling, Storage and Transportation (PHS&T) CH 3, 4.3.17 49 CFR Parts 171-180
  • DoDI 4540.07
  • DoD 4145.19-R
  • DoD 4140.27-M
  • DTR 4500.9-R
Producibility, Quality & Manufacturing (PQM) CH 3, 4.3.18 P.L. 111-383 (SEC 812)
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 3
  • DFARS 207.105, 215.304
Reliability & Maintainability (R&M) Engineering CH 3, 4.3.19 P.L. 111-23 (SEC 102)
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 3
  • DoD Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Cost Rationale (RAM-C) Report Manual
Spectrum Management  
  • 47 USC 305
  • 47 USC 901 - 904
  • P.L. 102-538 (SEC 104)
  • DoDI 3222.03
  • DoDI 4650.01
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 1 and 3
  • AR 5-12
  • AFI 33-118
  • SECNAVINST 2400.1 and 2400.2
  • OPNAVINST 2400.20
Standardization CH 3, 4.3.21
  • 10 USC 2451-2457
  • P.L. 82-436
  • DoDI 4120.24
  • DoDM 4120.24
  • SD-19
Supportability CH 3, 4.3.22
  • DoDD 5000.01, Encl. 1, paragraphs E1.1.17, E1.1.29
  • DoDI 4151.22
  • DoDI 5000.02, Enclosure 1 and 6
  • DoD 4151.22-M
  • SD-19
  • MIL-HDBK-502
Survivability (including CBRN) & Susceptibility CH 3, 4.3.23 P.L. 108-375 (SEC 1053)
  • DoDI 3150.09
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 4, and 5
System Security Engineering (SSE) CH 3, 4.3.24 10 USC 2358
  • DoDI 5000.02, Encl. 1, 3, and 11
  • DoDI 5200.39
  • DoDI 5200.44
  • DoDI O-5240.24
  • DoDI 8500 Series
  • DoDI 8582.01
  • Program Protection Plan Outline and Guidance, Version 1.0, July 2011