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New DoD International Cooperative Program "Five Points" MOU DoD International Cooperative Program "Five Points" MOU2020-01-29T17:00:00Z Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg, Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg<div class="ExternalClassC150F3059836423283B0AC6656A9EBF1">DoD periodically establishes new International Cooperative Program (ICP) Framework Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) to provide overarching mechanisms for RDT&E cooperation with allied and friendly nations. There are over thirty bilateral and multilateral DoD ICP Framework MOUs that are either established or being negotiated at present.<br> <br> One of the newest and most important international agreements of this type is a Framework MOU with the defense organizations of Australia, Canada, the U.K., New Zealand, and the U.S. concerning Quintlateral RDT&E Projects known as the “Five Points” MOU which entered into effect on December 17, 2019. Similar to most ICP Framework MOUs, the Five Points MOU enables the participating nations (known as “Participants”) to: <ul> <li>Operate a multilateral Five Points management structure comprised of Executive Directors (EDs), Management Agents (MAs), Steering Committees (SCs), Project Officers (POs), and other representatives designated by the Participants (who are each individually responsible for maintaining and funding their involvement).</li> <li>Establish RDT&E Project Arrangements (PAs) among two or more Participants.</li> <li>Establish RDT&E Equipment and Material Transfers (loans) among two or more Participants in furtherance of their national RDT&E objectives.</li> <li>Conduct specific cooperative RDT&E Information Exchange, Working Group, and Familiarization activities authorized by the Five Points management structure through mutually acceptable arrangements established among two or more Participants.</li> </ul> The Office of SecDef staff and DoD Components use ICP Framework MOUs like this one to establish new cooperative RDT&E efforts in a streamlined fashion, similar to the way that DoD uses Basic Ordering Agreements (BOAs) and Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contracts to streamline the contracting process.<br> <br> DoD personnel and support contractors with CAC cards can obtain access to the Five Points MOU by visiting the DAU/DSMC Inteldocs folder using the instructions provided on the DAU <a href="/cop/iam/Lists/Announcements/AllItems.aspx">International Acquisition Management Community of Practice (ICOP) website</a>. Contact your DoD Component International Programs Office (IPO) to learn more about how the new Five Points MOU could be used to achieve your DoD organization’s international acquisition objectives.<br> <br> Until next time, Prof K</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/New-DoD-International-Cooperative-Program-"Five-Points"-MOU
DAU Webcast on Value Added Tax (VAT) Impact on DoD Webcast on Value Added Tax (VAT) Impact on DoD2020-01-28T17:00:00Z Images/DAU_Locations STH_20170104.jpg, Images/DAU_Locations STH_20170104.jpg Images/DAU_Locations STH_20170104.jpg<div class="ExternalClass7A7B8DA39A424E88B3A50BCE3474F60F">A wise boss once warned me, "if you are discussing an important defense acquisition issue with someone and they tell you 'it's really not about money' don't be fooled ... it's all about money."<br> <br> This topic focuses on a major, but often hidden, cost to DoD in today's global defense environment, Value Added Tax. Fortunately, Professor Stephen Speciale, a Professor of Financial Management at DAU South, recently conducted a DAU Webinar presentation on this topic that's worth viewing. What's in it for you, your organization, and its international program activities?<br> <br> VAT is a consumption-based tax charged by many foreign countries on purchases of products/services within their country. VAT may also be charged on products imported into their country.<br> <br> Depending on the nation(s) involved in an import by DoD, VAT can have <u>major</u> cost impact on DoD's international activities. However, DoD acquisition and security cooperation workforce members can obtain substantial <u>cost savings</u> or <u>cost avoidances</u> for the U.S. taxpayer if VAT exemptions are promptly sought and obtained. Conversely, failure to seek timely VAT exemptions can result in administrative delays and higher costs. VAT costs can impact a wide range of DoD international efforts including: <ul> <li>International Cooperative Programs (ICPs)</li> <li>Foreign Military Sales (FMS)</li> <li>International Military Education and Training (IMET) Programs</li> <li>Building Partner Capacity (BPC) Programs</li> <li>Direct Commercial Sales (DCS)</li> <li>DoD Global Force Deployments</li> </ul> VAT rates vary by country, but in some cases exceed 25% of the value of items subject to this tax! Is it worth taking the time to find out how to pursue and obtain VAT exemptions on your program or international activity? Absolutely!<br> <br> Professor Speciale's <a href="">VAT Webcast</a> is available on the DAU Media website and his presentation charts are available on the <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/DAU%20LNL%20-%20VAT%20for%20International%20Efforts%20-%2015%20Jan%202020.pdf?Web=1">DAU International Acquisition Management Community of Practice (ICOP) website</a>. Just click these hotlinks to access and view them.<br> <br> Until next time, Prof K</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/DAU-Webcast-on-Value-Added-Tax-(VAT)-Impact-on-DoD
DoD Security Cooperation Workforce Certification Program Established Security Cooperation Workforce Certification Program Established2019-12-29T17:00:00Z Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg, Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg<div class="ExternalClass6F7F6B9833704703A9068CCA1740C242">Lieutenant General Charles Hooper, Director of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), signed a Memo on December 23, 2019 formally establishing the <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Memo%20for%20Certification%20Program%20Implementation%2023%20Dec%2019.pdf?Web=1">DoD Security Cooperation Workforce (SCW) Certification Program</a>. This Memo implements a required element of the overall SCW Development Program prescribed by 10 U.S.C. 384 which was enacted FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).<br> <br> The new SCW Certification Program will help ensure that DoD personnel assigned to SCW military and civilian positions have the training and experience necessary to carry out their responsibilities more effectively. Implementation of the SCW Certification Program will begin on January 1, 2020. The first year of implementation (January 1, 2020 - December 31, 2020) will be a transition period in which Certification Program completion deadlines will not apply. This approach will provide DoD Components and SCW members with a sufficient amount of time to become familiar with the Program and prepare for DoD-wide implementation. <h3><strong>Initial Implementation</strong></h3> The first step in Program implementation will involve DoD Component and SCW member review and verification of Area of Concentration and certification level recommendations for each SCW position in the Security Cooperation Workforce Development Database. Certification Program Areas of Concentration and Certification levels for SCW members are as follows:<br> <br> <strong>Academic Areas of Concentration (AoCs): </strong> <ul> <li><strong>SC Planning, Oversight, and Execution Management. </strong>Broad planning, policy development, oversight, and execution of SC activities and programs, including SC program management, intelligence cooperation, military-to-military engagements, defense institution building, and technology transfer and foreign disclosure (TSFD).</li> <li><strong>SC Case Life Cycle Management. </strong>Building partnership capacity/foreign military sales (BPC/FMS) case efforts, including case development, management, and execution (financial, logistics, and training management).</li> <li><strong>SCO Operations and Management. </strong>SC activities conducted by overseas security cooperation offices (SCOs), including most members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the DoD working in SCOs and some Combatant Command staff members.</li> <li><strong>SC Execution Support Management. </strong>SC execution not included in another AoC, including but not limited to SC support staff, International Military Student Offices, and the State Partnership Program.</li> <li><strong>SC Acquisition Management. </strong>SC activities that involve acquiring defense articles and services for allied and friendly nations using the DoD acquisition process.</li> </ul> <br> <strong>Certification Levels: </strong> <ul> <li><strong>Basic</strong>: General knowledge and understanding of SC.</li> <li><strong>Intermediate</strong>: Builds on Basic-level. Focus is on developing technical knowledge and understanding of one AoC in the context of broader SC.</li> <li><strong>Advanced</strong>: Builds on Intermediate-level. Focus is on increased technical mastery of one AoC in the context of broader SC.</li> <li><strong>Expert</strong>: Builds on Advanced-level. Focus is on developing a broader understanding of SC as an instrument of U.S. national security. Requires cross-training in a second AoC at the Intermediate-level.</li> </ul> <br> The second step will focus on ensuing that prospective SCW members in DoD are familiar with the Certification Program and advised of their AoCs and certification levels. DSCA will offer informational meetings and conference phone calls to familiarize DoD Component organizations with Program implementation details. In addition, a Desktop Guide on the Program will be available on the DSCU website by January 1, 2020.<br> <br> The third step will promote DoD-wide efforts to encourage SCW members to begin their Basic-level training as soon as possible. This will help build a base of knowledge across the community. The Basic-level courses are already available online through the <a href="">Defense Security Cooperation University (DSCU)</a> and <a href="">Defense Institute of Security Cooperation Studies (DISCS)</a> websites.<br> <br> The fourth step will involve identification of DoD Component's Certification Authorities (CCAs) throughout DoD. The CCAs will be DSCA's primary Certification Program-related points of contact. The CCAs will guide the standardization of Certification Program processes and requirements within the Components. <h3><strong>Implementation Guidelines</strong></h3> The details of the SCW Certification Program are described in the <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Certification%20Guidelines_final_Dec2019.pdf?Web=1">Implementation Guidelines</a> attached to the Director, DSCA Memo. In addition to providing a Program Overview and defining the Program’s Applicability, the Guidelines provide a summary of the Program’s three elements based on specific AOCs and certification levels for SCW positions established by the DoD Components: <ul> <li><strong>Mandatory Courses: </strong>Mandatory courses are intended to develop a common set of skills and knowledge for SCW members located in specific segments of the DoD workforce.</li> <li><strong>Experience: </strong>SCW members will also be required to obtain one year of experience in the appropriate AoC at the appropriate level to be eligible for certification. The “experience clock” for an SCW member will start when they complete the first required course at the appropriate level of certification.</li> <li><strong>Continuous Learning: </strong>Continuous learning requirements established for each certification level will help ensure that SCW members remain up-to-date after they complete their mandatory training in order to broaden and deepen their knowledge and skills.</li> </ul> The Guidelines also describe the process that DoD Components and DSCU will use to track and certify SCW members in “Good Standing.” Certified SCW members must maintain their “Good Standing” certification as long as they are in an SCW position. <h3><strong>SCW – DAW Comparison</strong></h3> Here are a few typical questions we’ve been asked by students in DAU International Acquisition Career Path (IACP) courses over the past two years on how the SCW Program might affect them.<br> <br> <strong><em>True or False: Can a DoD civilian or military member be assigned to a position that is considered as part of the both the Security Cooperation Workforce (SCW) and the Defense Acquisition Workforce (DAW)? Answer = TRUE. </em></strong><br> <br> Readers familiar with current Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act (DAWIA) personnel, training, and experience requirements will note that there are several similarities between the SCW Certification Program’s AOCs and DAWIA career fields/paths and certification levels. Moreover, the SCW Program's approach was developed with DAWIA compatibility in mind. <ul> <li><strong>DAW</strong>: Established in 1990, it has evolved and matured since then into a DAW of ~165,000 military and civilian personnel in 14 Career Fields, two Career Paths, and three certification levels plus Critical Acquisition Positions with special training and experience requirements.</li> <li><strong>SCW</strong>: Based on current estimates the newly formed SCW will likely be comprised of ~20,000 military and civilian personnel in five AOCs (one of which is SC Acquisition Management) with four certification levels.</li> </ul> When the two “Venn diagrams” are compared, initial estimates indicate there will be an “overlap” of ~3,000 DoD personnel who will be both DAW and SCW members.<br> <br> <strong><em>Who decides whether someone is a SCW and/or DAW member? Answer: It depends.</em></strong><br> <br> The mandatory applicability for both programs is limited to U.S. Government personnel. However, both DAU and DISCS permit DoD support contractors and industry members and – in some cases foreign personnel – to take DAW and SCW courses on a space available basis. <ul> <li><strong>DAW</strong>: DoD Components decide which personnel are members of the DAW. Each DoD Component’s Director of Career Acquisition Management (DACM) designates which DAW members are part of the IACP through consultations with relevant organizations within their Component using the DAW <a href="">International Acquisition Position Category Description (PCD)</a>.</li> <li><strong>SCW</strong>: As noted above, the first step in Certification Program implementation will involve review and verification of SCW positions in the Security Cooperation Workforce Development Database using the criteria outlined in Annex 1 of the <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Certification%20Guidelines_final_Dec2019.pdf?Web=1">Implementation Guidelines</a>. It appears that the DoD Component's SCW Certification Authorities -- who will serve as DSCA's primary Certification Program-related points of contact – will play an important role confirming which Component positions will be included in the SCW.</li> </ul> DoD Components are organized differently. Each Component already has a DACM, but identification of each Component’s SCW CCA will occur over the coming months. We recommend prospective SCW members consult with their DoD Component’s International Programs Organization (IPO) to find out which organization will be assigned the SCW CCA responsibility within their Component.<br> <br> <strong><em>If I am a DAW and SCW member, will I have to take DAU and DISCS courses to meet DAW and SCW certification requirements? Answer: Yes, but the SCW Certification Program has been designed to avoid duplication and redundancy. </em></strong> <ul> <li><strong>DAW</strong>: The course requirements for each DAWIA Career Field and Career Path – including the <a href="">International Acquisition Career Path (IACP) Training Standards</a> – are available in the DAU iCatalog.</li> <li><strong>SCW</strong>: The course requirements for the SC Acquisition Management AoC – Basic through Expert -- are contained in Annex 2 of the <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Certification%20Guidelines_final_Dec2019.pdf?Web=1">Implementation Guidelines</a>. They include a combination of DISCS and DAU courses. SCW members in the SC Acquisition Management AoC will receive Certification Program credit for all courses that they have already taken from DAU that are required for this AoC.</li> </ul> <h3><strong>Looking Ahead</strong></h3> Those familiar with DoD realize that things are constantly changing. That’s also true in this area since the recently enacted <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/FY%202020%20NDAA%20Section%20861%20Excerpts%20(DSMC-I%20Kenlon)%2012-29-19.pdf?Web=1">FY 2020 NDAA Section 861 (DAW Certification, Education, and Career Fields)</a> requires that SecDef implement numerous changes to the existing DAWIA structure and approach. One of them is a requirement to designate “<em><strong>Security Cooperation as an Acquisition Position</strong></em>.” Another is to “develop and implement a career path … for each career field designated by the Secretary” within two years. This is ‘breaking news’ so people throughout DoD are still evaluating the new Section 861 requirements, including the security cooperation-related aspects. However, it appears that the SCW Certification Program and potential DAWIA changes will need to be assessed -- and potentially harmonized -- as both programs move forward.<br> <br> Fortunately, the <a href="/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/MOA-between-Defense-Security-Cooperation-University-(DSCU)-and-Defense-Acquisition-University-(DAU)">DSCU-DAU Memorandum of Agreement</a> signed in November 2019 will provide a useful structure for future cooperation between SCW and DAW education and training organizations. This MOA will facilitate expanded DAU and DISCS faculty collaboration, cooperation in DAU and DISCS course development and workforce mission assistance activities, and increased emphasis on the important roles DoD Acquisition and SC community members play in U.S. National Security and Defense Strategy global implementation efforts. <h3><strong>Summary</strong></h3> How will the implementation of this new DoD SCW Certification Program help achieve USG/DoD domestic and international political-military objectives?<br> <br> The USG and the Secretary of Defense rely heavily on USD (Policy) and USD (Acquisition & Sustainment) to lead the Department’s security cooperation activities with allied/friendly nations and international organizations. These Under Secretaries rely on over 20,000 personnel in OUSD/P/DSCA, OUSD/A&S Director International Cooperation (IC), the DoD Components, and overseas Security Cooperation Offices to plan, organize, and implement DoD’s global security cooperation efforts on a daily basis.<br> <br> The SCW Certification Program and DAWIA – two Congressionally-mandated human capital, education, and training programs – will help ensure that DoD has a professional workforce capable of achieving mutually beneficial security cooperation outcomes on behalf of our nation, its allies and friend, and their warfighters<br> <br> Until next time, Prof K</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/DoD-Security-Cooperation-Workforce-Certification-Program-Established
Revised DoD Instruction 5530.03 on International Agreements DoD Instruction 5530.03 on International Agreements2019-12-12T17:00:00Z,<div class="ExternalClassD0A8471D7701497C9B3CCF38B045CC3A">The Deputy Secretary of Defense approved a completely revised version of <a href="">DoDI 5530.03 (International Agreements)</a> on December 4, 2019. This is <strong>big news</strong>, especially for International Cooperative Program (ICP) international agreement negotiators in the DoD Components who must comply with U.S. Government and DoD policy in this important, but exceptionally complex, functional area of International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) activity.<br> <br> For those of you unfamiliar with development, production, product upgrade and logistics support (sustainment) ICPs established through international agreements there are numerous examples you may have heard of: <ul> <li>NATO SeaSparrow and Evolved NATO SeaSparrow</li> <li>F-16 Multinational Fighter Program</li> <li>AV-8B Harrier II Plus Upgrade Program</li> <li>Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) Program</li> <li>Wideband Global Satellite and AEHF Satellite Communications Programs</li> <li>Joint Strike Fighter (F-35) Program</li> <li>P-8A Poseidon and MQ-4C Triton Programs</li> <li>NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) Program</li> </ul> <br> I’d also like to emphasize that ICPs like these <u>are not</u> established using the FMS Letter of Request – Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOR-to-LOA) process, FAR/DFARS contracts, or OTA transactions. Instead, DoDI 5530.03 provides the international agreement process guidance that DoD organizations and personnel must follow.<br> <br> Publication of the new DoDI 5530.03 is welcome development since the previous version -- DoD Directive 5530.03, published back in June 1987 -- described a U.S. Government (USG) and Defense Department that existed “a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away.” For those of us who were working in DoD at that time (like me), the ICP international agreement negotiation environment was as different from today as 80s hairstyles and music. The USG, Office of Secretary of Defense and DoD Component structure was also radically different back then, and the DoD international agreement process at that time involved shuffling massive amounts of paperwork through a 19<sup>th</sup> century bureaucratic system. In recent years, the DoD ICP community has had to deal with a governing DoD Instruction that was so sadly out of date that the actual DoD international agreement process was governed primarily by “tribal knowledge” rather than 21<sup>st</sup> century DoD policy guidance.<br> <br> Fortunately, the new version DoDI 5530.03 has resolved a long standing ambiguity by providing such guidance in paragraph 5.2.a. that formally recognizes use of UnderSecDef (Acquisition & Sustainment) ICP international agreement streamlining procedures initially authorized by DepSecDef memo in September 1994.<br> <br> <em>“For international agreements under the authority of the USD(A&S), streamlined [international] agreement procedures, including the use of a summary statement of intent, as authorized in DoDI 5000.02 and as described in the Defense Acquisition Guidebook, may be used in lieu of the procedures in this section.”</em><br> <br> I plan to develop a podcast for DoD ICP international agreement specialists which analyzes DoDI 5530.03 revisions in greater detail in the near future. For those DoD Acquisition and Security Cooperation workforce generalists who are interested in learning more about DoDI 5503.03 and A&S international agreement policies and procedures, consult <a href="">A&S/International Cooperation</a>, your DoD Component international programs organization, the DAU <a href="/cop/iam/Pages/Topics/International%20Cooperative%20Programs%20ICPs.aspx">International Acquisition Management Community of Practice (ICOP)</a> webpage, DAU’s <a href="/tools/t/International-Cooperative-Programs-(ICPs)-Job-Support-Tool-(JST)">ICP Job Support Tool</a>, or send a question to DAU’s <a href="/aap/Pages/home.aspx">Ask a Professor</a> webpage.<br> <br> Until next time, Prof K</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/Revised-DoD-Instruction-5530-03-on-International-Agreements