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DoD Guide on International Acquisition and Exportability Practices Guide on International Acquisition and Exportability Practices2022-05-20T16:00:00Z Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg, Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg<div class="ExternalClass840A88660ED1444A84CB3A597EA83BF6"><strong>Office of SecDef (Acquisition & Sustainment)</strong> plans to replace the venerable <strong>Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG) </strong>are coming to fruition.<br> <br> The DAG will soon be retired and disappear from OUSD(A&S) and DAU websites. In it place, fourteen (14) separate guidebooks will provide updated content largely driven by revisions to DoD acquisition statutes in recent National Defense Authorization Acts (NDAAs) and Adaptive Acquisition Framework (AAF) DoD Directives and Instructions issued since 2019. These guidebooks were produced and are being published by various DoD organizations responsible for the areas that are addressed.<br> <br> In the <strong>Program Management (PM) Functional Area</strong>, the legacy version of <strong><a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/DAG-CH-1-Program-Management%20-%20Legacy%20(Mar%2022).pdf?Web=1">DAG Chapter 1 - Program Management </a></strong>has been replaced by three new guidebooks:<br> <br> - A "<strong><a href="/functional-areas/program-management/">Guide to DoD Program Management Business Processes,</a></strong>" which describes the DoD operations employed to organize, plan and execute an acquisition program.<br> <br> - A "<strong><a href="/functional-areas/program-management/">Guide to Program Management Knowledge Skills and Practices</a></strong>," which serves as a primer for the program management professional's program.<br> <br> - A "<strong><a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Guide-to-International-Acquisition-and-Exportability_mjv%20(Mar%2022).pdf?Web=1">Guide to DoD International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) Practices</a></strong>" which is essentially a 'stand-alone' version of the content in the legacy DAG Chapter 1 Supplement 1 -- IA&E".<br> <br> Like its predecessor in the DAG, the <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Guide-to-International-Acquisition-and-Exportability_mjv%20(Mar%2022).pdf?Web=1"><strong>IA&E Guidebook</strong></a> provides detailed information regarding the IA&E concepts introduced in the Guide to DoD Program Management Business Processes. The term “IA&E” encompasses all of the elements of international involvement in DoD acquisition activities throughout the acquisition lifecycle – including Science and Technology, Research and Development, Production and Deployment, and Operations and Support – by exploring foreign solutions, International Cooperative Programs (ICPs), foreign sales or transfers, exportability design and development, and Technology Security and Foreign Disclosure (TSFD).<br> <br> The <a href="/cop/iam/DAU%20Sponsored%20Documents/Guide-to-International-Acquisition-and-Exportability_mjv%20(Mar%2022).pdf?Web=1"><strong>IA&E Guidebook</strong></a> is designed to provide Program Managers (PMs) with information needed to organize, plan, and execute DoD international acquisition activities regardless of acquisition pathway, acquisition category, contracting model, or program type. It still contains hotlinks to key laws, regulations, and policies that govern DoD's IA&E activities as well as the six (6) <strong><a href="/cop/iam/Pages/Topics/IA%20and%20E%20Job%20Support%20Tools%20JSTs%20and%20Lessons%20Learned.aspx">DAU IA&E Job Support Tools </a></strong>that address key IA&E elements listed in the preceding paragraph.<br> <br> The most interesting new content is found in Section 1-4.4 on <strong>Exportability Readiness Levels (ERLs)</strong>. ERLs are a new tool developed to measure and evaluate exportability progress. ERLs should help PMs and Integrated Product Team (IPT) members assess the maturity of a given technology, system, subsystem or component from an exportability perspective. Program Milestone Decision Authorities (MDAs) should consider utilizing ERLs when assessing a program's progress towards building in exportability to U.S allies and partners in furtherance of the White House <strong><a href="/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/U-S--Conventional-Arms-Transfer-Policy-Implementation">Conventional Arms Transfer (CAT) policy</a></strong>.<br> <br> We recommend that DoD International Acquisition and Security Cooperation workforce professionals make their 'generalist' DoD acquisition workforce colleagues and industry aware of this new IA&E Guidebook, and use its contents to help them plan, organize, and implement the IA&E aspects of their program, project, or activity.</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/DoD-Guide-on-IAandE-Practices-
Australia – United Kingdom – United States Partnership (AUKUS) -- Implementation Update – United Kingdom – United States Partnership (AUKUS) -- Implementation Update2022-04-11T16:00:00Z Partnership.jpg, Partnership.jpg Partnership.jpg<div class="ExternalClass6B2A146E75214388B8D6D722B47919B9">The White House published a statement on the <strong><a href="">AUKUS</a></strong> defense acquisition partnership on April 5th. For those who are unfamiliar with the latest instantiation of defense acquisition cooperation among these three close allies, AUKUS was announced in September 2021. At that time all three heads of government agreed to establish an optimal pathway for an Australian conventionally-armed, nuclear-powered submarine capability by March 2023. <h3> </h3> <h2>Background</h2> The history of U.S.-U.K. nuclear submarine cooperation goes back to the <strong><a href="">POLARIS Sales Agreement</a></strong> in 1962. This initial arrangement was updated in September 1980, by a U.S.-U.K. exchange of diplomatic notes that incorporated TRIDENT sale into the POLARIS Sales Agreement. U.S. Navy (USN) - Royal Australian Navy (RAN) acquisition cooperation dates from the 2001 timeframe, when RAN Navy Chief VADM David Shackleton and USN Chief of Naval Operations, RADM Vern Clark signed a <strong><a href="">Submarine Cooperation Statement of Principles (SoP) </a></strong>in the Pentagon. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and International Cooperative Program (ICP) agreements since that time between the USN and RAN include <strong><a href="">Collins-class diesel submarine combat systems</a></strong> cooperation and cooperative development, production, and support of the <strong><a href="">MK-48 heavyweight torpedo</a></strong>.<br> <br> A major tectonic plate shift occurred in September 2021 when <strong><a href="">Australia terminated its 2016 acquisition arrangement with France</a></strong> to replace its Collins-class diesel-electric submarines with 12 new diesel-powered subs. At that time, Australian Prime Minister Morrison explained that nuclear-powered submarines -- which are inherently faster, stealthier, and more capable than diesel subs -- would be the best choice to provide future defense capability in this key area. <h2>AUKUS Partnership</h2> The National Security Advisors from the three allies met virtually in March 2022 to review AUKUS progress and provide direction to the trilateral partnership going forward. Joint Steering Groups were formed, which subsequently met to discuss two AUKUS lines of effort: <ul> <li><strong>Submarines</strong>: Providing Australia with a conventionally armed, nuclear powered submarine capability at the earliest possible date.</li> <li><strong>Advanced Capabilities</strong>: Developing and providing joint advanced military capabilities to promote security and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.</li> </ul> Since then, seventeen trilateral working groups have been established -- nine relating to Submarines and eight relating to Advanced Capabilities -- which have met multiple times. <h2>AUKUS Implementation Efforts</h2> <h3><strong>Submarines</strong></h3> Trilateral programmatic and technical activities in support of Australia's effort to acquire a conventionally armed, nuclear powered submarine capability include:<br> <br> <strong>Information exchange</strong>. An Exchange of Naval Nuclear Propulsion Information Agreement (ENNPIA) was established in February 2022 to enable AUKUS operational, programmatic, and technical personnel to share naval nuclear propulsion information trilaterally.<br> <br> <strong>Nuclear stewardship</strong>. Visits to multiple sites by combined teams from Australia, the U.K. and the U.S. to provide insights regarding Australia's planned efforts to baseline its nuclear stewardship, infrastructure, workforce, and industrial capabilities and requirements.<br> <br> <strong>Australia workforce</strong>. Initiating trilateral activities to assist Australia in developing a workforce with the necessary skills, training, and qualifications to build, operate, and sustain a conventionally-armed nuclear-powered submarine capability.<br> <br> <strong>New submarine base</strong>. Supporting Australia's plans to establish a future submarine base on the east coast of Australia to support the basing and disposition of future nuclear-powered submarines.<br> <br> <strong>Nuclear-Powered Submarine Construction Yard</strong>: Supporting Australia's plans to acquire additional land and build a Nuclear-Powered Submarine Construction Yard near one of its shipyards in South Australia.<br> <br> <strong>Non-proliferation</strong>. Conducting proactive, trilateral engagement activities with the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding the non-proliferation aspects of their nuclear submarine partnership efforts. <h3><strong>Advanced Capabilities</strong></h3> Trilateral programmatic and technical acquisition efforts in the following advanced capabilities include:<br> <br> <strong>Undersea capabilities.</strong> Collaborating on autonomous underwater vehicles through a AUKUS Undersea Robotics Autonomous Systems (AURAS) project.<br> <br> <strong>Quantum technologies</strong>. Cooperating through a AUKUS Quantum Arrangement (AQuA) to accelerate investments to deliver generation-after-next quantum capabilities over the next three years.<br> <br> <strong>Artificial intelligence and autonomy</strong>. Expanding trilateral cooperation on artificial intelligence (AI) and autonomy to provide critical enablers for future force capabilities, improve the speed and precision of decision-making processes, and maintain a capability edge while defending against AI-enabled threats.<br> <br> <strong>Advanced Cyber</strong>. Refocusing current trilateral efforts to further strengthen national and coalition cyber capabilities, including protecting critical communications and operations systems.<br> <br> <strong>Hypersonic and counter-hypersonic capabilities.</strong> The AUKUS partners will expand current cooperative work in programs such as <a href=""><strong>HiFire</strong></a> to accelerate development of advanced hypersonic and counter-hypersonic capabilities.<br> <br> <strong>Electronic warfare (EW)</strong>. Continuing and expanding trilateral cooperative efforts to improve EW tools, techniques, and technology that enable national and coalition forces to operate in contested and degraded environments.<br> <br> <strong>Innovation</strong>. Accelerating national and cooperative defense innovation activities to learn from one another, including ways to more rapidly integrate commercial technologies to solve warfighting needs.<br> <br> <strong>Information sharing</strong>. Expanding and accelerating the sharing of sensitive information, especially in programmatic and technological workstreams that underpin trilateral activities in the agreed areas of advanced capability cooperation. <h2>Summary</h2> Moving from strategic direction to substantive cooperation at the 'deckplate' level in the areas described above will take a lot of hard work by all three nations' acquisition organizations to turn the AUKUS Partnership vision into a reality. From a DoD perspective, the Under Secretaries for Research & Engineering and Acquisition & Sustainment will be leaning forward, as will the DoD Component Acquisition Executives responsible for cooperative Science & Technology, RDT&E, Production & Sustainment, and Product Upgrade efforts throughout the acquisition lifecycle.<br> <br> The DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) -- including the Navy International Programs Office, the SecAF International Affairs organization, Army's Defense Exports & Cooperation organization, and DARPA's international program staff -- have already been working with Program/Project Managers, Integrated Product Team members, R&D technologists, and S&T researchers in all of these areas to make progress. We will try to learn more about each DoD Component's <strong><a href="">International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) </a></strong>efforts in support of this initiative, and let you know how they are progressing, in a future blog.</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/Australia-–-United-Kingdom-–-United-States-Partnership-(AUKUS)----Implementation-Update
Ukraine Security Assistance Developments Security Assistance Developments2022-04-08T16:00:00Z Interest Areas/DAU_International NATO_20170104.jpg, Interest Areas/DAU_International NATO_20170104.jpg Interest Areas/DAU_International NATO_20170104.jpg<div class="ExternalClassCE57B5D80C7A496EB6A780932045E61A">Recent media reports indicate that the pace of U.S. Government (USG) <a href=""><strong>Security Assistance</strong></a> to the Ukraine may accelerate in the coming weeks.<br> <br> <strong>Security Assistance</strong> is a group of programs authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) and the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) or other related statutes by which the U.S. provides defense articles, military training, and other defense related services, by grant, loan, cash sale, or lease, in furtherance of national policies and objectives. While Foreign Military Sales (FMS) is the most well known <strong>Security Assistance</strong> transfer mechanism, other aspects include Foreign Military Financing (FMF), International Military Education & Training (IMET), Excess Defense Article (EDA) transfers, and Presidentially directed Drawdowns of U.S. equipment and supplies in DoD's current inventory.<br> <br> The <a href=""><strong>Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)</strong></a> is the organization within DoD responsible for <strong>Security Assistance</strong> matters, working with the Military Departments and other DoD Component Security Cooperation Implementing Agencies. DoD Security Cooperation and Acquisition workforce professionals play an essential role in translating White House and USG Security Cooperation policy initiatives into concrete actions at the program level through <strong><a href="">DoD International Acquisition & Exportability</a></strong> activities.<br> <br> While there has been some USG <strong>Security Assistance</strong> activity already to provide tactical level weapons, such as Javelin anti-armor and Stinger short-range air defense missiles, the Ukrainian Government would like to acquire a broader range of systems and equipment from the U.S. and other NATO allies. For example, the <strong><a href="">White House</a></strong> announced today that it would reposition a U.S. Patriot missile system to Slovakia (a NATO ally) as part of a Slovakian initiative to provide the Ukraine with one of its <strong><a href="">S-300 long range air defense systems</a></strong>. In March, NATO allies Germany and Netherlands moved three batteries of Patriot air defense systems to Slovakia that they previously acquired from the USG via FMS. <p><br> In a parallel development, the U.S. Senate unanimously passed a <strong><a href="">Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act</a></strong> that will ostensibly alleviate "bureaucratic hurdles" associated with loaning U.S. military equipment to Ukraine. While Congress has already <strong><a href="" target="_blank">appropriated $3.5 billion to backfill U.S. military equipment sent to Ukraine</a></strong> as part of the $1.5 trillion government funding bill that it passed last month, the House recessed for two weeks without acting on the Senate's Lend-Lease Act bill.<br> <br> The DoD acquisition community is not responsible for deciding which U.S. equipment and supplies will be sent in response to Ukrainian Government requests, however, it plays an integral role in implementing most USG <strong>Security Assistance</strong> transactions. It's worth mentioning that arranging for loans of U.S. equipment and supplies from existing inventory is a much more challenging proposition that implementing FMS purchase transactions, where the customer country signs an FMS case that provides DoD with funding and authority to award a contract, then waits for new equipment to be produced and delivered. FMS lease arrangements under<strong> <a href="">AECA Section 61</a></strong> involve a complex set of DoD Security Cooperation and Acquisition workforce actions described in detail in the <a href=""><strong>DoD Security Assistance Management Manual, Chapter 11</strong></a>.<br> <br> The scope of projected USG <strong>Security Assistance</strong> efforts in support of the Ukrainian Government in the coming weeks and months remains unclear. However, if the USG decides to expand the current level of support to include a broader set of U.S. defense systems and logistics supplies, then the impact on the DoD Component program offices and logistics organizations who are responsible for sourcing and providing them will undoubtedly be substantial.</p></div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/Ukraine-Security-Assistance-Developments
DoD Security Cooperation Workforce Training Update Security Cooperation Workforce Training Update2022-03-28T16:00:00Z Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg, Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg Interest Areas/DAU_International Acquisition UN_20170104.jpg<div class="ExternalClassEC9464B69ECB4CEA8D332BD363401E50">My latest blog on the impact of the DoD Acquisition Workforce (AWF) <a href="/back-to-basics"><strong>Back to Basics (BtB)</strong></a> acquisition training initiative on the <strong>DoD International Acquisition Career Path (IACP)</strong>, published on March 8, provided a summary of DoD Security Cooperation Workforce (SCWF) Acquisition Management training requirements. The DoD SCWF was established by DoD’s Under Secretary of Defense (Policy) (USD(P)) in 2019. At that time, USD(P) also established a new <a href=""><strong>Defense Security Cooperation University (DSCU)</strong></a> to organize, plan, and implement SCW training on a DoD-wide basis. DSCU subsequently developed a set of <strong>five SC Areas of Concentration (AoCs)</strong>, including <a href=""><strong>“SC Acquisition Management”</strong></a>, with ~10,000 projected members.<br> <br> This blog provides an update on recent changes to SCWF Acquisition Management training requirements. <h2>Previous SCWF Training Requirements</h2> Until recently, the SC Acquisition Management AoC included a requirement for completion of one DAU acquisition course and three DAU IACP courses at the SCWF Basic and Intermediate-Levels. <ul> <li><strong>ACQ 1010</strong> - Fundamentals of Systems Acquisition Management</li> <li><strong>ACQ 120</strong> - Fundamentals of International Acquisition <em>(former IACP course)</em></li> <li><strong>ACQ 230V</strong> - International Acquisition Integration <em>(former IACP course)</em></li> <li><strong>ACQ 380V</strong> - International Acquisition Management <em>(former IACP course)</em></li> </ul> <h2>Revised SCWF Training Requirements</h2> However, in mid-March 2022 DSCU revised the Acquisition Management AoC certification training requirements on DSCU’s website as follows: <h3><a href=""><strong>Basic-Level Certification Requirements</strong></a><strong> <em>(36 hours)</em></strong></h3> <ul> <li>SC-101 - Introduction to Security Cooperation</li> <li>SC-111 - Introduction to Technology Transfer</li> <li><strong>ACQ-120</strong> - Introduction to Fundamentals of International Acquisition</li> <li>SC-151 - Introduction to Regional Studies</li> </ul> <h3><a href=""><strong>Intermediate-Level Certification Requirements</strong></a><strong> <em>(63 hours)</em></strong></h3> <strong><u>One</u></strong> of the following is required: <ul> <li><strong>ACQ-230</strong> - International Acquisition Integration <em>(DAU Prerequisites are <strong>ACQ-101</strong> or <strong>ACQ 1010</strong> Fundamentals of Systems Acquisition Management and <strong>ACQ-120</strong>) </em></li> <li>ACQ-241 - Managing Major International Arms Competition <em>(DSCU course)</em></li> <li><strong>ACQ-380</strong> - International Acquisition Management <em>(DAU Prerequisite is ACQ-230)</em></li> <li>One DSCU Intermediate-Level Cross Cultural Competence/Regional Orientation Course</li> </ul> <h2>Impact Assessment</h2> As noted in my last blog DoD civilian and military personnel, support contractors, and industry personnel with IA&E knowledge and skills routinely move around within the DoD AWF and SCWF communities during their careers. <a href=""><strong>Title 10 USC Section 1721</strong></a>, “Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition workforce career fields,” also includes “<strong>Security Cooperation</strong>” as one of the 13 specified DoD AWF position areas listed in this statute.<br> <br> An initial review of <strong>BtB’s</strong> impact on IACP training requirements indicated that ~2000 DoD personnel would be affected. Many, but not all, of the IACP positions previously designated by the DoD Components’ Directors of Acquisition Career Management (DACMs) will likely be designated by DSCU and the DOD Components’ Security Cooperation Implementing Agencies (IAs) as SCWF Acquisition Management AoC positions. However, the details of when and how this re-designation process will occur are still being determined by DAU, DSCU, and the DoD Components’ DACMs and Security Cooperation IAs. <h2>Summary</h2> As noted in my last blog, DoD Program Managers and Integrated Product Teams throughout the DoD Components rely on the ~10,000 AWF and SCWF personnel with international programs knowledge and expertise to support their domestic and international acquisition efforts to achieve U.S. national security and defense objectives. A DoD enterprise-wide effort to clarify and rationalize the approaches being used by USD(A&S), USD(P), DAU, and DSCU to educate and train future International Acquisition and Security Cooperation workforce members appears to be needed.<br> <br> Until next time,<br> Prof K</div>string;#/training/career-development/intl-acq-mgmt/blog/DoD-Security-Cooperation-Workforce-Training-Update

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